Meaning of BRANCH in English

BRANCH

/ brɑːntʃ; NAmE bræntʃ/ noun , verb

■ noun

OF TREE

1.

a part of a tree that grows out from the main stem and on which leaves, flowers and fruit grow

—picture at tree

OF COMPANY

2.

a local office or shop / store belonging to a large company or organization :

The bank has branches all over the country.

Our New York branch is dealing with the matter.

OF GOVERNMENT

3.

a part of a government or other large organization that deals with one particular aspect of its work

SYN department :

the anti-terrorist branch

OF KNOWLEDGE

4.

a division of an area of knowledge or a group of languages :

the branch of computer science known as 'artificial intelligence'

OF RIVER / ROAD

5.

a smaller or less important part of a river, road, railway / railroad, etc. that leads away from the main part :

a branch of the Rhine

a branch line (= a small line off a main railway line, often in country areas)

OF FAMILY

6.

a group of members of a family who all have the same ancestors :

My uncle's branch of the family emigrated to Canada.

IDIOMS

see root noun

■ verb

[ v ] to divide into two or more parts, especially smaller or less important parts :

The accident happened where the road branches.

PHRASAL VERBS

- branch off

- branch out (into sth)

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : from Old French branche , from late Latin branca paw.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.