Meaning of SPIKE in English

SPIKE

/ spaɪk; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

[ C ] a thin object with a sharp point, especially a pointed piece of metal, wood, etc. :

a row of iron spikes on a wall

Her hair stood up in spikes.

—see also spike heel

2.

[ C , usually pl. ] a metal point attached to the sole of a sports shoe to prevent you from slipping while running

—compare cleat

3.

spikes [ pl. ] shoes fitted with these metal spikes, used for running :

a pair of spikes

4.

[ C ] a long pointed group of flowers that grow together on a single stem

5.

[ C , usually sing. ] ( informal , especially NAmE ) a sudden large increase in sth :

a spike in oil prices

■ verb

1.

[ vn ] to push a sharp piece of metal, wood, etc. into sb/sth; to injure sth on a sharp point

SYN stab

2.

spike sth (with sth) to add alcohol, poison or a drug to sb's drink or food without them knowing :

He gave her a drink spiked with tranquillizers.

( figurative )

Her words were spiked with malice.

3.

[ vn ] to reject sth that a person has written or said; to prevent sth from happening or being made public :

The article was spiked for fear of legal action against the newspaper.

4.

[ v ] ( especially NAmE ) to rise quickly and reach a high value :

The US dollar spiked to a three-month high.

IDIOMS

- spike sb's guns

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun senses 1 to 3 and noun sense 5 verb Middle English : perhaps from Middle Low German , Middle Dutch spiker , related to spoke . The verb dates from the early 17th cent.

noun sense 4 late Middle English (denoting an ear of corn): from Latin spica spike, ear of corn ; related to spina spine.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.