Meaning of STEAM in English

STEAM

/ stiːm; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun [ U ]

1.

the hot gas that water changes into when it boils :

Steam rose from the boiling kettle.

2.

the power that is produced from steam under pressure, used to operate engines, machines, etc. :

the introduction of steam in the 18th century

steam power

the steam age

a steam train / engine

3.

very small drops of water that form in the air or on cold surfaces when warm air suddenly cools

SYN condensation :

She wiped the steam from her glasses.

IDIOMS

- full speed / steam ahead

- get up / pick up steam

- let off steam

- run out of steam

- get, etc. somewhere under your own steam

■ verb

1.

[ v ] to send out steam :

a mug of steaming hot coffee

2.

to place food over boiling water so that it cooks in the steam; to be cooked in this way :

[ vn ]

steamed fish

[also v ]

3.

[ v + adv. / prep. ] ( of a boat, ship, etc. ) to move using the power produced by steam :

The boat steamed across the lake.

4.

[ v + adv. / prep. ] ( especially of a person ) to go somewhere very quickly :

He spotted her steaming down the corridor towards him.

( figurative )

The company is steaming ahead with its investment programme.

IDIOMS

- be / get (all) steamed up (about / over sth)

PHRASAL VERBS

- steam sth off | steam sth off sth

- steam sth open

- steam up | steam sth up

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English stēam vapour , stēman emit a scent, be exhaled , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch stoom steam .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.