Meaning of DISCHARGE in English

v. & n.


1. tr. a let go, release, esp. from a duty, commitment, or period of confinement. b relieve (a bankrupt) of residual liability.

2 tr. dismiss from office, employment, army commission, etc.

3 tr. a fire (a gun etc.). b (of a gun etc.) fire (a bullet etc.).

4 a tr. (also absol.) pour out or cause to pour out (pus, liquid, etc.) (the wound was discharging). b tr. throw; eject (discharged a stone at the cat). c tr. utter (abuse etc.). d intr. (foll. by into) (of a river etc.) flow into (esp. the sea).

5 tr. a carry out, perform (a duty or obligation). b relieve oneself of (a financial commitment) (discharged his debt).

6 tr. Law cancel (an order of court).

7 tr. Physics release an electrical charge from.

8 tr. a relieve (a ship etc.) of its cargo. b unload (a cargo) from a ship.


1. the act or an instance of discharging; the process of being discharged.

2 a dismissal, esp. from the armed services.

3 a a release, exemption, acquittal, etc. b a written certificate of release etc.

4 an act of firing a gun etc.

5 a an emission (of pus, liquid, etc.). b the liquid or matter so discharged.

6 (usu. foll. by of) a the payment (of a debt). b the performance (of a duty etc.).

7 Physics a the release of a quantity of electric charge from an object. b a flow of electricity through the air or other gas esp. when accompanied by the emission of light. c the conversion of chemical energy in a cell into electrical energy.

8 the unloading (of a ship or a cargo).


dischargeable adj. discharger n. (in sense 7 of v.).

Etymology: ME f. OF descharger (as DIS-, CHARGE)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.