Meaning of RAKE in English

RAKE

1. n. & v.

--n.

1. a an implement consisting of a pole with a crossbar toothed like a comb at the end, or with several tines held together by a crosspiece, for drawing together hay etc. or smoothing loose soil or gravel. b a wheeled implement for the same purpose.

2 a similar implement used for other purposes, e.g. by a croupier drawing in money at a gaming-table.

--v.

1. tr. collect or gather or remove with or as with a rake.

2 tr. make tidy or smooth with a rake (raked it level).

3 intr. use a rake.

4 tr. & intr. search with or as with a rake, search thoroughly, ransack.

5 tr. a direct gunfire along (a line) from end to end. b sweep with the eyes. c (of a window etc.) have a commanding view of.

6 tr. scratch or scrape.

Phrases and idioms:

rake in colloq. amass (profits etc.). rake-off colloq. a commission or share, esp. in a disreputable deal. rake up (or over) revive the memory of (past quarrels, grievances, etc.).

Derivatives:

raker n.

Etymology: OE raca, racu f. Gmc, partly f. ON raka scrape, rake 2. n. a dissolute man of fashion.

Phrases and idioms:

rake's progress a progressive deterioration, esp. through self-indulgence (the title of a series of engravings by Hogarth 1735).

Etymology: short for archaic rakehell in the same sense 3. v. & n.

--v.

1. tr. & intr. set or be set at a sloping angle.

2 intr. a (of a mast or funnel) incline from the perpendicular towards the stern. b (of a ship or its bow or stern) project at the upper part of the bow or stern beyond the keel.

--n.

1. a raking position or build.

2 the amount by which a thing rakes.

3 the slope of the stage or the auditorium in a theatre.

4 the slope of a seat-back etc.

5 the angle of the edge or face of a cutting tool.

Etymology: 17th c.: prob. rel. to G ragen project, of unkn. orig.

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.