Meaning of RAKE in English

I. ˈrāk noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English raca, racu; akin to Old High German rehho rake, Old Norse reka spade, shovel, Gothic rikan to heap up, collect, and perhaps to Greek oregein to stretch out — more at right


a. : a hand tool consisting usually of a bar with projecting prongs that is set transversely at the end of a long handle and used for gathering grass, leaves, or other material or for loosening or smoothing the surface of the ground

b. : a machine rake for gathering hay — compare dump rake , side-delivery rake

2. : any of various implements resembling a rake or a hoe (as for mixing plaster or scraping hides)


a. : a small steel tool formerly used by hand binders to scratch the backs of books during forwarding permitting glue to permeate deeper and so strengthening the binding

b. : a wire-toothed wooden tool similar to a lawn rake used to make patterns in a bookbinder's marbling vat

4. : a device for studying pressure distribution in a flow field by means of tubes arranged like rake teeth and connected with pressure-indicating devices

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English raken, from rake (I)

transitive verb


a. : to collect, gather, or separate with or as if with a rake

raked the grass from the lawn after mowing

raked the stuff into separate piles

b. : to stir up, loosen, or make even or smooth with or as if with a rake

raked the soil level after spading and seeding

raked the fire and added coal

c. : to clean or purify as if by raking

rake a fatty oil

2. obsolete : to cover over or bury by or as if by raking

3. : to bank (a fire) with cinders

4. : to remove obstructing excrement from the rectum of (a costive horse) with the hand : back-rake

5. : to gain (wealth or possessions) rapidly or in abundance — usually used with in

had raked the cash in night after night for years at a small strategically placed stand


a. : to scrape or scratch as if with a rake : pass over lightly : rub , touch

like clouds that rake the mountain summits — William Wordsworth

the blade raked the other's cheek

b. : to censure severely : attack verbally : administer a dressing down to — often used with over


a. : to search through : scour , ransack

the statesman rakes the town to find a plot — Jonathan Swift

b. : to dig out and present (as unfavorable evidence) — usually used with up

raked up long buried scandal to discredit his enemy


a. : to fire in a direction with the length of : enfilade

blockhouses at opposite corners enabled watchers to rake the walls with rifle fire — American Guide Series: Tennessee

raked each wave of advancing troops with gunfire

b. : to sweep (a length or area) with gunfire, shells, or bombs

raked the area with a dive-bombing and strafing attack — Merle Miller

9. of a falcon : to attack while flying

10. : to glance over rapidly : scan , survey

a three-decker pulpit from which the preacher can rake his congregation from end to end — Charles Gordon

raked the leaden sky with his binoculars — J.E.Macdonnell

11. : to scrape off (loose mortar) preparatory to pointing : remove (green mortar) to a uniform depth from the face of a wall — often used with out

intransitive verb

: to do a task with or as if with a rake : collect , scrape , search

- rake over the coals

III. intransitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English raken, from Old English racian

1. chiefly dialect : to move forward especially swiftly : run rapidly

2. chiefly dialect : roam , rove

3. of a hawk : to fly after game

- rake out

IV. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English rake, from Old Norse rāk streak, stripe; akin to Old Norse reka to drive — more at wreak

1. dialect England

a. : way , path ; especially : a cattle path

b. : pasture land

2. dialect England

a. : a trip especially for bringing something back : go

b. : as much as can be carried in one trip : load

3. chiefly Scotland : gash vein

V. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: origin unknown

intransitive verb

: to incline from the perpendicular

the roof of the dwelling raked sharply — Willard Robertson

transitive verb

: to cause to incline from the perpendicular

VI. noun

( -s )


a. : inclination from the perpendicular (as of a mast or funnel) ; especially : the overhang of a ship's bow or stern

b. : the slope of a ship's sternpost or of the forepart of the rudder

2. : inclination from the horizontal (as of a stage or auditorium floor)

3. : the angle between the top cutting surface of a cutting tool (as on a lathe) and a plane which is perpendicular to the surface of the work and to the direction of motion of the tool with respect to the work — compare cutting angle , side rake

4. : plunge 4

5. : an inclined edge of a building

the rake of a cornice

the rake of a gable

6. : the angle between a wing-tip edge that is sensibly straight in planform and the plane of symmetry of an airplane

VII. noun

( -s )

Etymology: short for rakehell (II)

: a dissolute or licentious man or woman : libertine

turned his attention to the pleasures of this life and a more perfect rake has seldom existed — Nancy Mitford

VIII. intransitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

: to act the rake : lead a dissolute or licentious life

swear and rant and rake … with the best of them — George Farquhar

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.