Meaning of ACCOUNT in English

ACCOUNT

I. əˈkau̇nt also aˈ- noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English acount, accompt, from Old French aconte, from aconter, v.

1. archaic : counting , enumeration , computation

a pupil good at account

2.

a. : a record of debit and credit entries chronologically posted to a ledger page from books of original entry to cover transactions involving a particular item (as cash or notes receivable) or a particular person or concern

b. : a statement of transactions during a fiscal period showing the resulting balance

3. : a collection of items to be balanced — usually used in plural

4. : a statement or explanation of one's activities, conduct, and discharge of responsibilities especially in financial administration

he could give no satisfactory account of what he had done with the money

5.

a. : a periodically rendered reckoning (as one listing charged purchases and credits)

a grocery account

b. : the patronage involved in establishing or maintaining an account : business : business relationship

glad to secure that customer's account

also : patron , customer , client

a salesman with many good accounts

6.

a. : value or importance especially as attributed by others

an official of considerable account

b. : esteem , judgment

he stands high in their account

7. : profit , advantage

he turned his wit to good account

8.

a. : a statement or exposition of underlying or explanatory reasons, causes, grounds, or motives

no satisfactory account has been given of these phenomena

b. : a reason giving rise to an action, decision, opinion, or any other result : basis

on that account he refused the offer

on all accounts you must do it

c. : attention , consideration : careful thought

don't leave that point out of account

take account of what you are doing

d. : a usually mental record based on close observation

keep careful account of all you do

9.

a. : a statement of facts or events

a newspaper remarkable for its sober accounts of the theater world

b. : an informative report or descriptive narration

an account of the varieties of tropical vegetation

the account of a battle

c. : a study or narrative usually nonfictional and wholly objective

an illuminating account of colonial days

10. : hearsay — usually used in plural

by all accounts he is very rich

he has been quite successful, from all accounts

11. : a sum of money or its equivalent deposited in the common cash of a bank and subject to withdrawal at the option of the depositor

12. : a common-law action for a statement of receipts and disbursements and the recovery of any balance due ; also : the writ by which it was brought

13. : the fortnightly or monthly settlement between buyers and sellers on the London Stock Exchange ; also : the period from one such settlement to another — usually used with the ; compare account days , term settlement

14. : performance or rendition (as of a musical composition)

the pianist gave a sensitive account of it

Synonyms: see use II

- for account of

- for the account

- for the account and risk of

- in account with

- on account of

- on one's own account

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English accounten, acounten, accompten, from Middle French aconter, acompter, from a- (from Latin ad- ) + conter, compter to count — more at count

transitive verb

1.

a. obsolete : to calculate the numerical quantity of : count

my father and my mother account the days — William Caxton

b. obsolete : to determine or establish by comparison with a fixed point or standard

c. obsolete : to include in an enumeration or calculation

accounting the Lent season — Thomas Cogan

d. archaic : credit , allot

e. : to probe into : give an analytical report on : take or render account of

the report will be accounted by the finance committee

2. : to think of as : look upon as : rate, regard, or classify as — usually used passively or reflexively

he was accounted a lawyer of ability — G.S.Bryan

they accounted themselves fortunate

intransitive verb

1. obsolete : count

2. archaic : to give or receive a financial account : settle an account

3. : to furnish a justifying analysis or a detailed explanation of one's financial credits and debits or of the discharge of any of one's responsibilities — used with for

the broker accounted satisfactorily for his expenditures

he could not account for the time spent away from his post

4. : to furnish substantial reasons or a convincing explanation : make clear or reveal basic causes — used with for

a consistent theory which would account for the facts — G.C.Sellery

5.

a. : to be the sole or primary factor in the existence, acquisition, supply, use, or disposal of an indicated thing — used with for

the region accounts for a large part of usable timber

b. : to bring about the capture, death, or destruction of an indicated thing — used with for

his dog accounted for two of the rabbits

Synonyms: see consider , explain

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.