Meaning of GO in English

GO

I. (|)gō, when followed without pause by a stressed syllable sometimes _gə or +V _gəw verb

( went (|)went ; or dialect goed (|)gōd ; gone (|)gȯn also (|)gän ; or nonstandard went ; going |gō]iŋ, (|)gȯ], ]ēŋ; “gȯing to” followed without pause by a verb is often |gōənə or |gȯnə ; or dialect gwine (|)gwī(ə)n ; or dialect British gaun (|)gȯn ; goes (|)gōz)

Etymology: Middle English gon, goon, gan, from Old English gān; akin to Old Frisian & Old Saxon gān to go, Old High German gān, gēn, Old Swedish & Old Danish gā, Crimean Gothic geen to go, Greek kichanein to reach, attain, Sanskrit jahāti he leaves, abandons

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to move on a course : pass from point to point or station to station : proceed by any of several means

go by train

a good day to go for a ride

went as fast as he could through the snow

held the rail as he went down the stairs

the wheel goes round and round

b. : to be in motion — used especially in a sentry's challenge

halt! who goes there?

c. : to move away from something or thitherward : pass from one point to or toward another that is regarded as farther away : leave , depart

the lobby was filled with people coming and going

had to go so as to catch the train

went two by two into the dining room

go from one city to another

told the dog to go get the ball

go and catch a falling star — John Donne

the men go and cut bamboos in the jungle and bring them to the beach — J.G.Frazer

d. : to ride to hounds

2.

a. : to take a certain course or follow a certain procedure

people who want to know how … they can help to make the world go — Victor Reynolds

b. : to pass in a course determined by established procedure

reports go through channels to the president

c. : to pass by a process felt to resemble journeying

the message went by wire

my eyes went into all corners of the stable — Owen Wister

d. : to proceed by or as if by a mental process or operation

was determined to go to the bottom of the mystery

e. : to proceed without delay — used especially to intensify a complementary verb

if the infernal young fool hadn't gone and got killed — Dorothy Sayers

told him to go hang himself

f.

(1) : to extend from point to point or in a certain direction : run

a new road that goes from the north shore to the south shore

his land goes almost to the river

dates back as far as our records go — T.B.Costain

(2) : to give access : lead

that door goes to the cellar

a path going to the barn

3. obsolete : to move or travel on one's feet at an ordinary pace : walk

but when he could not go , yet forward would he creep — Phineas Fletcher

I have resolved to run when I can, to go when I cannot run — John Bunyan

4.

a. : to be habitually in a certain state or condition

children like to go bareheaded

were advised to go armed after dark

b. : to be pregnant

the fruit she goes with I pray for heartily, that it may find good time, and live — Shakespeare

the elephant goes with young nearly two years

5.

a.

(1) : to come to be taken away, lost, or consumed

a large part of the market for Welsh coal had gone forever — L.D.Stamp

reserves to be brought up when the poet's youth is going — Max Beerbohm

(2) : to come to be spent

the money that he inherited went in a few years

b.

(1) : to come to the end of life : die

the doctor says he may drag on this way for several weeks, or he may go suddenly at any time — Ellen Glasgow

(2) : to pass by : slip away : elapse

the trip … went much more quickly than I had expected — A.N.Whitehead

the evening went pleasantly enough

c. : to come to be given up, rejected, or abolished

if a day on the links left dad too tired … it really looked as if the golf had better go — Dorothy Barclay

one-room schools devoid of plumbing … had to go — Saturday Review

d. : to pass by sale

many items at the auction went for less than their true value

going, going, gone

e. cricket

(1) : fall

three wickets went during the afternoon

(2) : to have one's innings ended by dismissal

the batsman went with his score at 50

f. : to become impaired or weakened : lose strength or effectiveness

his hearing started to go — George Kent

g. : to give way especially under great force or pressure : break

the starboard boat did go , taking with it both davits and part of the starboard rail — H.A.Chippendale

h. : to cease to have an effect or influence

the pain has finally gone

6.

a. : to take place : happen , occur

you seem to try and get me into any … trouble that's going — Robert Westerby

b. : to have course or issue : fare

at the end of her first day on the job, he asked her how it went — Burnham Carter

I only keep my eyes open and see how life goes — Eden Phillpotts

c. : to be in general or on an average : furnish a usual standard or measure

an old town as American towns go — Dana Burnet

the modest price makes it quite a bargain as handsomely illustrated books go — Nation

d. : to be or become especially as the result of a contest : turn out to be

a second election went in favor of his opponent — Broadus Mitchell

the size of the Democratic margin in those cities … determines whether these states go Democratic — Newsweek

e. : to come to be performed or executed : proceed in a certain manner

the play … had been going none too well — S.H.Adams

f. : to accomplish what is attempted or intended : turn out well : succeed

successful novelists whose first plays failed to go — Henry Hewes

when there was a party he wanted to make it go — W.S.Maugham

7.

a. : to apply or set oneself

went to fighting among themselves

b. : to put or subject oneself

go to a great deal of trouble

went to unnecessary expense

c. chiefly South & Midland : to have a mind : intend — usually used in the negative and with a following infinitive

I didn't go to do it

8. : to have recourse to another as a recognized authority for corroboration, vindication, or decision : carry an action or interest : resort

decided to go to court to recover damages

the government will go to the country with this issue

one must go to the original documents for an account of the colony's early years

9.

a. : to begin an action or motion

here goes

go when the light turns green

— often used in the imperative as a signal to start a race

on your mark, get set, go

b. : to maintain or perform a certain action or motion

the music goes round and round

all day the drums and the flutes had been going strong — John Berry

his pulse goes quite rapidly

c. : to function in the proper or expected manner

finally succeeded in getting the motor to go

d. : to keep time

a clock that will go a week without winding

e.

(1) : to make a clear resonant sound : ring

it was midnight when the bell went and I came up to his room — Ngaio Marsh

(2) : to make a characteristic noise : sound

as soon as the starting gun went the contestants began the race

10.

a. : to pass at or as if at face value : have currency

traveler's checks go everywhere

a bit of gossip that once went for truth

b. : to pass from person to person : be current : circulate

the report goes that the expedition was a failure

c. : to become known

herring residues … go as a manure under the name of fish guano — S.J.Watson

went by an alias for two years

11.

a. : to come to be guided, governed, or regulated : act in accordance or harmony

a good rule to go by

was criticized for refusing to go with the times

b. : to come to be allotted or determined

hanging and wiving goes by destiny — Shakespeare

the crushing … realization that this is how things go — Bosley Crowther

c. : to come to be applied or appropriated

a large part of the budget goes for military purposes

d.

(1) : to pass by or as if by award, assignment, or lot

the prize went to a sophomore

nearly all the estate went to the creditors of the deceased

(2) : to pass by inheritance or succession

the farm went to the eldest son

the title goes to the late duke's nephew

e.

(1) : to contribute to an end : be among the constituents necessary for achieving a purpose or result

the qualities that go to make a hero

(2) : to be equivalent : amount

100 cents go to a dollar

12. : to be about, intending, or expecting something — used in a progressive tense with infinitive

may be going to have a relapse

is going to leave town

is going to be a doctor

was going to sing a solo

13.

a. : to carry one's action to a certain point of progress or completeness

went to great lengths in order to meet the deadline

b. : to reach a certain point : attain , extend

his knowledge fails to go very deep

the differences go further than is commonly believed

c.

(1) : to come or arrive at a certain state or condition — usually used with to

the flowers have gone to seed

go to sleep

(2) : to come or arrive at a certain amount or sum — usually used with to

the bidding went to $50 before the chair was sold

14.

a. : to come to be : become

went sound asleep

the tire went flat

he felt his hands go clammy as he spoke — Marcia Davenport

serious matters and noble conventions get out of hand and go pompous — Virgil Thomson

b. : to undergo a change or transformation : turn

the light from the autumn afternoon was fading and the sky … was going from blue to gray — C.B.Flood

15.

a. : to be in phrasing or expression : appear especially in writing or print : read

the great mass of the public or, as the phrase goes, the man in the street — A.B.Walkley

when he was eight years old, so the story goes, he began preaching to the barnyard fowl — H.H.Reichard

b. : to flow or glide rhythmically

these poems go with a lilt

c. : to be capable of being sung or played

a merry ballad … goes to the tune of “Two maids wooing a man” — Shakespeare

the tune goes like this

16.

a. : to be compatible, suitable, or becoming : harmonize — usually used with together or with

the colors blue and gray go together

claret goes with beef

his tie doesn't go with his suit

b. : to be congenial : fit in — usually used with with

the sort of person who can go with any group

17.

a. : to be capable of passing

the piano will barely go through the door

b. : to be capable of being contained or inserted

will these clothes go in your suitcase?

the rod goes into a small hole near the top

c. : to be capable of extending

a belt long enough to go around his waist

enough cotton to make a rope that would go from coast to coast

d. : to have a usual or proper place or position : belong

these books go on the top shelf

18. : to have a tendency : serve as a means : conduce

the incident goes to show that he can be trusted

19. : to admit of being played by all the players — used of a suit in cards

led a spade and hoped that it would go

20.

a.

(1) : to pass as accepted or authorized : carry authority

what she said, went; when she summoned, prior engagements were to be broken — DeLancey Ferguson

(2) : to be acceptable, satisfactory, or adequate : meet with or as if with approval

you make up your own rules today and anything goes — Huntington Hartford

b. : to hold true : be valid

the old saying that it takes all kinds of people to make a world goes for our train — F.J.Taylor

c. : to be of interest or concern

as far as his speech goes, my point about it is this — Arthur Cavanaugh

21. : to empty the bladder or bowels

don't ask for the bedpan during the night unless you really have to go — Betty Smith

transitive verb

1. : to proceed along or according to : follow

from the outset he goes his own pace — H.S.Bennett

asked me if I was going his way

2. : to pass or travel through : traverse

to go its length … with the old houses on one side finally giving way to modern stores … is to experience the meeting of old and new — R.W.Hatch

3. : to set out on : undertake

I am very tired and I oughtn't to go another journey — Mrs. Patrick Campbell

4.

a. : to make a wager of : bet

was willing to go a dollar on the outcome of the game

b. : to make an offer of : bid

was willing to go $50 for the clock

go four no-trump

5.

a. : to serve in the capacity of : assume the function or obligation of

promised to go bail for his friend

b. : to participate to the extent of

decided to go halves if either of them found the treasure

6.

a. : to indicate by sounding : strike

the clock on the mantel went nine

b. : to cause (a characteristic sound) to exist or occur

the gun went bang

the bell goes dingdong

7. : yield , produce , weigh

went a considerable amount

a gigantic striped bass that would go a hundred pounds — Saturday Review

8.

a. : to put up with : endure , tolerate — usually used with a negative

it's that stink of caribou about them that I can't go — Gontran de Poncins

b. : to bear without serious financial detriment : afford — usually used with a negative

insisted that he couldn't go $20,000 for a house

9.

a. : to occupy oneself with : engage in

didn't like anybody to go smelling his rose — Eudora Welty

don't go shooting at moose — S.H.Holbrook

b. : to take pleasure in or receive satisfaction from : enjoy

I could go a soda — Hal Ellson

Synonyms:

leave , depart , quit , withdraw , retire : go is a general term indicating moving out or away; it is a neutral opposite for come. leave centers attention on the fact of separation from a person, place, or thing

leaving his family with their relatives

leaving his boyhood town

leaving the company after 10 years

he is leaving on the noon plane

depart is a slightly formal antonym for arrive

cheers for the ex-president departing for his home

departing from the country

departed on the adventure late in 1523 — C.L.Jones

quit may suggest a separating and going off or away attended by disengaging, freeing, ridding, or disentangling

had given him a disgust to his business, and to his residence in a small market town; and, quitting them both, he had removed with his family — Jane Austen

hesitating to spread its wings and quit forever the body which had been its home — Arnold Bennett

withdraw may suggest a deliberate removal for good reason

constrained by the strength of his convictions to withdraw from the Catholic Church — W.L.Sullivan

the family swarmed about her, shaking hands, pecking her on the cheek, then withdrawing to survey her from a distance — Olive H. Prouty

spent three years in Paris with scientific friends; but feeling the need of solitude, he withdrew to Holland — Frank Thilly

retire may indicate a removal attended with renunciation, relinquishment, retreat, recession, or recoil

prose has had the stage pretty much to itself for the past hundred years largely because poetry has refused to compete with it, preferring instead to retire to a private literary world of its own — Archibald MacLeish

the British retired from Augusta, and loyalism in Georgia and South Carolina was severely checked — H.B.Fant

had been moving forward into a narrower and narrower space as the enemy's center retired — Tom Wintringham

- go about

- go after

- go against

- go ahead

- go all the way

- go at

- go back on

- go before

- go begging

- go bush

- go down the drain

- go down the line

- go far

- go for

- go for broke

- go glimmering

- go great guns

- go hang

- go into

- go it

- go one better

- go over

- go places

- go steady

- go through

- go to bed

- go to one's head

- go to pieces

- go to sea

- go to town

- go with

- go without saying

- to go

II. ˈgō\ noun

( -es )

1. : the act or manner of going

a great come and go of officials, with district commissioners arriving and departing in a flurry of uniforms and salutes — Alan Moorehead

2. : the height of fashion : rage

elegant shawls labeled … “quite the go ” — R.S.Surtees

3. : a turn of affairs that is often unexpected : incident , occurrence

funniest go you ever did see — Ngaio Marsh

4.

a. : the quantity used or furnished at one time

you can obtain a go of brandy for sixpence — C.B.Fairbanks

b. : the vessel containing such a quantity

a pewter go

5.

a. : a situation in cribbage when a player has no card that will not carry the count over 31

b. : the score given to the cribbage player who brings the count exactly to or nearest to 31

6. : energy , vigor , spirit

all sapped of go and foresight and perseverance by a cruel providence — John Galsworthy

a play abounding in freshness, vitality, essential theatrical go — E.J.West

7.

a. : a turn especially in a game

told his opponent that it was his go

b. : attempt , try

poets … who produce perfect results at the first go — W.H.Auden

was going to have a go at setting down my observations of public life — A.W.Barkley

c. : chance , opportunity

was given a go at building up the savings department — N.M.Clark

8.

a. : a spell or period of activity

it makes a lot of difference in the drying if one can get a large amount into the sheds in one go — Eve Langley

b. : an attack of illness

I shall never forget her kindness to me when I had a bad go of pneumonia — Richard Rhodes

9.

a. : success

figure out a new type vampire or werewolf yarn and it's a sure go — Dallas Ross

b. : bargain , deal

we've got opium to sell and your people want to buy it and it's a go — W.H.Smith

10. : match , contest

didn't want him to have a hard go the first time out because he wasn't sure how well his leg would stand up — G.F.T.Ryall

specifically : a boxing match

- from the word go

- no go

- on the go

III. noun

( -es )

Etymology: Japanese

: a Japanese game that is played with black and white stones on a board marked by 19 vertical lines and 19 horizontal lines to make 361 intersections and that has as its object the possession of the larger part of the board and the capturing of the opponent's stones

IV. intransitive verb

: to be of advantage

has a lot going for her

transitive verb

1. baseball : pitch 15b

he went 7 1/3 innings and gave up no runs — D.S.Looney

2. : say — used chiefly in oral narration of speech

I'm the last person to admit I've achieved anything. … But now my friends say it to me, and I go “You're right” — Steve Martin

3. of a sports team or player : to have a record of

I went 11-0 last season

- go for it

- go missing

- go public

- go with

- go with the flow

V. noun

: permission to proceed : go-ahead

gave the astronauts a go for another orbit

VI. adjective

Etymology: go (I)

: functioning properly : being in good and ready condition

declared all systems go

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.