Meaning of LOAN in English

I. ˈlōn noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English loon, lon, lan, from Old Norse lān; akin to Old English lǣn loan, lēon to lend, Old High German lēhan borrowed property, līhan to borrow, lend, Old Norse ljā to lend, grant, Gothic leihwan to lend, Latin linquere to leave, Greek leipein to leave, Sanskrit riṇakti he leaves; basic meaning: to leave


a. : money lent at interest

was authorized to make loans upon farm commodities — F.D.Roosevelt

a bond issue is a typical form of major business loan

b. : something lent for the borrower's temporary use on condition that it or its equivalent be returned

life's not our own, — 'tis but a loan to be repaid — Charles Swain


a. : the grant of temporary use made by a lender

able to get the loan of a car to take them back — George Farwell

b. : the temporary duty of a person transferred by a superior to the service of another for a limited time

he had been on loan to the navy during the war, away from the campus — C.O.Gorham

3. : loanword

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1. : to lend (money) at interest

2. : lend 1a

loaned her the clothes to wear and primped her to looking nice — Carson McCullers

3. : lend 1c

our pink-cheeked conducting officer … who had been loaned by the Red Signal Corps for the trip — E.P.Snow

4. dialect : borrow 1

can I loan a ladder from you for a day or so

intransitive verb

: to lend money at interest

in times of distress, loan to good customers — N.S.B.Gras

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Scottish Gaelic lōn; akin to Old Irish loun provision

Scotland : provisions

IV. noun

Etymology: Middle English (Scots) lone, alteration of lane — more at lane

dialect Britain : loaning

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.