Meaning of NEITHER in English


I. ˈnēthə(r), ˈnīth-; see either pronoun

Etymology: Middle English neither, naither not either of two, pron., conjunction & adjective, alteration (influenced by either, aither either) of nauther, pron. & conjunction, nouther, nowther, pron., conjunction & adjective, nother, pron. & adjective, from Old English nāhwæther, nawther, pron. & conjunction, nōhwæther, nowther, pron., nōther, pron., from nā, nō not + hwæther which of two, whether — more at no , whether

: not one of two or more : not either:

a. : not the one and not the other of two

made two suggestions and neither was accepted

b. : not any one of more than two

neither of the three men stood up — Luke Short

— usually sing. in constr. except when a periphrastic genitive intervenes between neither and the verb form in which circumstance the verb is often plural in form

neither of them were in — John Galsworthy

— often qualified by a periphrastic genitive and used in apposition with a plural pronominal subject to emphasize the exclusion of each of the individuals included in the subject from the thing predicated

we neither of us moved — Wendy Wood

two English painters who are neither of them abstract or surrealist — Geoffrey Grigson

II. conjunction

Etymology: Middle English neither, naither

1. — used as a function word before two or more coordinate words, phrases, or clauses now joined usually by nor or sometimes by or or archaically by neither to indicate that what immediately follows is the first of two or more alternatives both or all of which are rejected

neither my father nor I were by nature inclined to faith in the unintelligible — George Santayana

2. : nor yet : also not : no more

just as the serf was not permitted to leave the land, so neither was his offspring — G.G.Coulton

an illiterate author cannot get very far, and neither can a musical composer who has not learned musical notation — Thomas Munro

justice is neither new nor old — Mark Van Doren

sat at bare tables and neither ate, drank, nor smoked — Mary Cable

neither by day nor by night

we believe neither in prescribing or proscribing books — Publisher's Weekly

this court neither approves or condemns any legislative policy — O.J.Roberts

III. adjective

Etymology: Middle English neither, naither

: not either

on neither side of the street are there any trees

IV. adverb

chiefly dialect : either — used especially to emphasize a negative in a foregoing clause

others speak so fast and sputter that they are not to be understood neither — Earl of Chesterfield

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.