Meaning of SIDE in English

SIDE

I. ˈsīd noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English sīde; akin to Old Saxon sīda side, Old High German sīta, Old Norse sītha; derivative from a prehistoric adjective represented by Old Frisian sīde low, wide, Old English sīd long, large, wide, Old High German sīto, adverb, weakly, loose, Old Norse sīthr long, pendulous; akin to Old English sāwan to sow — more at sow

1.

a. : the right or left lateral part of the wall or trunk of the body

a pain in the side

b. archaic : the female seat of generation or birth

c. : the area in which is felt the exertion produced by speaking or by boisterous laughter

split his sides with laughing — Charles Dickens

2. : a place, space, or direction with respect to a center or to a line of division (as of an aisle, river, or street)

found on all sides

on this side

3. : one of the surfaces or surface parts of an object which are distinguished from the ends as being longer and from the front or back as being more or less perpendicular to the observer

tacking … bunting to the front and sides of the platform — John Updike

— often used in combination

be side

fore side

in side

top side

up side

4.

a. : a bounding line of a geometrical figure

the side of the road

the side of a triangle

b. : one of the surfaces and especially one of the longer surfaces that define or limit a solid : a part (as a wall of a room) connecting the extremities of the top and bottom : face

the side of a box

the side of a prism

c.

(1) : either of the two surfaces of a thin object (as a sheet, disk, slice, or partition)

the other side of the coin

(2) : the inner or outer aspect of something

d. : one of the surfaces serving to enclose or bound a space

the side of a pool

side of a valley

sides of a cave

e. : a line joining two consecutive vertices of a polygon

f.

(1) : one playing surface of a phonograph record

(2) : a single recorded selection

5. : the space immediately beside or in close proximity to someone

never from thy side henceforth to stray — John Milton

6.

a. : the outer surface of a ship on either side above the waterline

b. : the portion of the outer surface below the main deck — distinguished from topside

7.

a. : an outer portion of something held to face in a particular direction

the upper side of a sphere

b. : an aspect or part of something held to be contrasted with some other aspect or part

the better side of his nature

try to find the brighter side of the tragedy

8.

a. : a slope or declivity (as of a hill or bank) considered as opposed to another slope over the ridge

along the side of yon small hill — John Milton

— often used in combination

hill side

mountain side

b. obsolete : the outskirts of a grove or city

c. : land bordering a body of water : bank , shore — often used in combination

lake side

river side

sea side

9. : the attitude or action of one person or group with respect to another : part

10. : a position viewed as opposite to or contrasted with another

balanced on both sides

there are two sides to every question

11.

a. : the position of a person or party regarded as opposed to another person or party whether as a rival or a foe

God on our side , doubt not of victory — Shakespeare

b. : the interest or cause which one maintains against another : a doctrine or cause opposed to another

12.

a. : one of the halves of the body of an animal or man on either side of the mesial plane

a side of beef

b. : a cut of meat including that about the ribs of one lateral half of the body — used chiefly of smoked pork products

a well-cured side

— see pork illustration

13.

a. : one of the parties in a transaction, battle, or debate : a body of advocates or partisans : a political party or faction

a victory for neither side

b. : one of the contesting parties in a game or sport

c. : a group of players in a card game who are partners

d. Britain : team

a soccer side

a match is played between two sides of eleven players each — Laws of Cricket

14. : a line of descent traced through one parent

the grandfather on one's mother's side

of Irish ancestry on his father's side — Current Biography

15.

a. : a part (as of a place or thing) located in a particular direction from a center or line of division

on one side of the church

this side of the city

b.

(1) : a geographical region or district

(2) : the inhabitants of such a region — usually used in combination

country side

16. : one page of a book or writing : one side of a sheet of paper

a man might blur ten sides of paper in attempting a defense — Charles Lamb

17. : a position, movement, or inclination away from a central line or point

to one side

on one side

18. : one half of a hide divided along the backbone for use in leather manufacturing

19. : sideways spin imparted to a billiard ball — compare english 5

20.

a. : a sheet containing the lines and cues for a single theatrical role and used in learning a role

b. : a speech in a play

she knew all her sides after only a few rehearsals

21. : the front or back cover of a book

22. : the aspect and the functioning of a court in some distinct portion of its general jurisdiction

the criminal-law side of the English High Court of Justice

the admiralty side of a United States district court

the equity side of a state court

23. : the surface of a screw thread that joins a crest with a root

24. : the men and equipment engaged in the removal of a section of timber in logging

25. : the area outside the center in craps or an imaginary area outside the layout in banking games where bets are held to be placed by players among themselves rather than against the shooter or house

place a bet on the side

— see side bet

Synonyms: see phase

- at side

- on the side

- over the side

- this side

- through one's sides

II. adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from side, n.

1. : of, relating to, or used on the side (as of a person)

side armor

a side sore

2.

a. : directed toward or from the side

a side blow

side thrust

b. : held to be directed toward or from the side : collateral , incidental , indirect

a side issue

a side view

a side remark

c. : made on the side

a side agreement between member A and member B may … prevent general agreement — Harold Stein

side money

side payment

d. : additional to the regular or main portion or order

a side order of french fries

3.

a. : located at or towards the side (as of a building, structure, or thoroughfare)

side window

side room

side path

b. : having the principal part (as the blade or head) located on one side rather than on the end

side chisel

side hammer

side plane

— see side tool

c. : used at the side

side screen

side hook

d. : of, relating to, or used on the side of a boat

side guy

side plates

e. : growing to or from one side

a side branch

side shoot

4. : blowing at right angles to a line from the mark to an archer

a side wind

III. adverb

Etymology: Middle English, from side, n.

: to, at, by, or from one side

side launched them for use as cargo barges — K.M.Dodson

— usually used in combination

side cast

side -hanging

IV. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English siden, from side, n.

transitive verb

1. archaic : to cut or carve (as a haddock) into sides

2. : to be or range oneself on the side with : agree with : support

not a fighting friend left to side him — F.B.Gipson

3. : to range (as oneself) on or with one of two contesting sides

4. : to be, go, or stand at the side of : come to the side of : walk by the side of : be side by side with

5. : to work (as a timber or rib) to a specified thickness by trimming the sides

6. dialect

a. : to put (as a room) in order : clean or tidy up (as a table) : arrange — often used with up

b. : to place at one side : set or put aside : clear away : remove

side dishes

7. : to furnish with sides or siding

side a house

8. : to draw (as a rope) toward the side : draw over or out

9. : to apply covers of cloth or other material to the boards of (as a book or case) after the backbone and corners have been affixed — often used with up

intransitive verb

1. : to embrace the opinions of one party or engage in its interest in opposition to another party : take sides : join or form sides

all side in parties and begin the attack — Alexander Pope

— usually used with with or against

the local justice of the peace sided with the squatters — American Guide Series: Pennsylvania

sided against the Administration on most issues

2. : to move, turn, or bend sideways

3. chiefly dialect : to stand or move to one side

V. adjective

Etymology: Middle English, long, large, wide, from Old English sīd — more at side (n.)

chiefly Scotland : wide , capacious , flowing — used especially of a garment

VI. noun

( -s )

Etymology: obsolete English side proud, boastful, from Middle English, wide, capacious

: swaggering manner : arrogant behavior : conceit , pretentiousness

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.