Meaning of SLUG in English

SLUG

I. ˈsləg noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English slugge, of Scandinavian origin; akin to Swedish & Norwegian dialect slugga to walk sluggishly, Norwegian dialect sluggje heavy slow person; akin to Low German slokeren to hang loosely, Middle Low German slūren to drag, trail — more at slur

1. : sluggard

2. archaic : something (as a vessel, vehicle, or animal) that is slow-moving or sluggish

3.

a. : any of numerous chiefly terrestrial pulmonate gastropods that are found in most parts of the world where there is a reasonable supply of moisture, are usually placed in the family Limacidae though the group is prob. polyphyletic including descendants of shelled snails of several families, are closely related to the land snails but have the shell rudimentary and often buried in the mantle or wanting entirely, have the body when extended long and fusiform with the entire lower surface constituting the foot upon which the animal typically crawls over a film of mucous secreted by the skin, are mostly herbivorous, rasp at herbage with a well-developed radula, and often become serious pests of cultivated plants — see garden slug

b. : sea slug 2

4. : a smooth soft larva of a sawfly or moth that creeps like a mollusk: as

a. : pear slug

b. : rose slug

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II. verb

( slugged ; slugged ; slugging ; slugs )

Etymology: Middle English sluggen, probably of Scandinavian origin; akin to Swedish dialect slugga to walk sluggishly

intransitive verb

1. : to rest idly : remain (as in bed) through laziness

slug in sloth and sensual delight — Edmund Spenser

2. : to move at a sluggish pace : loiter

slugging on their slow-gaited asses — William Tennant

transitive verb

1. : to spend (time) in dawdling or idling

the wretch who slugs his life away — James Thomson †1748

2. obsolete

a. : to make sluggish

b. : delay , hinder

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: probably from slug (I)

1. : a piece (as a lump, disk, or cylinder) of metal: as

a.

(1) : a musket ball

(2) : bullet ; especially : a revolver bullet

b.

(1) : a piece of crude metal : nugget

(2) : a piece of solid bulk metal roughly shaped for subsequent processing

c.

(1) : one of the private gold coins issued in California in 1849

(2) : a $50 gold piece

d.

(1) : a thin flat piece of metal formed from a sheet by punching : burr I 3c

(2) : a metal disk for insertion in a slot to operate an automatic machine ; especially : one used illegally instead of a coin in such a machine (as a turnstile)

2.

a. : a strip of metal similar to a printer's lead but usually 6 point or larger

b.

(1) : an identifying line placed by a compositor over matter set by him

(2) : a line carrying a short title temporarily placed over one portion of matter set in separate takes — called also galley slug

(3) : the short title itself

(4) : guideline

(5) : a line bearing a message or instruction (as a release date or the word more )

c. : a solid line either of characters or blank produced by a slugcasting machine

d.

(1) : a scratch or tear in a negative or plate

(2) : an anchor on a plate

3. : a heavy nail or stud driven in a shoe or boot sole in shoe manufacturing

4.

a. : a piece of magnetic material used to adjust the inductance of a coil

b. : a hollow metallic or dielectric cylinder used as a transforming element in a wave-guide system

5. : a large flat-faced disk prepared for the purpose of mixing the ingredients in the manufacture of compressed pharmaceutical tablets

6. : an irregular freshwater pearl — compare baroque

7. : a thickened place in a yarn or fabric caused usually by lint or knots

8. : a mass of half-roasted ore

9.

a. : a small amount of liquor ; especially : the quantity of drink taken in one swallow : shot , snifter

tossed down three stiff slugs of bourbon — Peter DeVries

b. : a detached mass of water or oil that causes impact or water hammer in a circulating system

10. : the gravitational unit of mass in the fps system to which a pound force can impart an acceleration of one foot per second per second

IV. verb

( slugged ; slugged ; slugging ; slugs )

transitive verb

1. : to load (as a gun) with slugs : insert a slug in

slug a rifle

slug a shoe

slug a coin machine

2. : to drive a soft lead bullet through (the bore of a rifle or pistol) in order to determine the exact bore diameter

3.

a. : to add a printer's slug to (as a story) : insert a slug in (letterpress matter)

b. : to anchor (a printing plate) to a metal base by soldering metal projections into holes in the base

intransitive verb

: to insert a slug (as in a shoe)

V. noun

( -s )

Etymology: perhaps from slug (III)

: a heavy blow ; especially : one given with the fist

an epidemic of slaps, slugs, and slights that has threatened to turn … bus conductors into public punching bags — New York Times

VI. verb

( slugged ; slugged ; slugging ; slugs )

transitive verb

1. : to strike (as a person) heavily (as with the fist or a blunt instrument)

slug a man with a length of pipe

2.

a. : to drive or propel (a baseball) by batting hard

slug the ball over the left field fence

b. : to achieve (as a two-base hit or a home run) by good batting

slug four homers in one ball game

intransitive verb

1. : to fight fiercely with a continuous exchange of heavy blows

the two fighters were still slugging as the round ended

the opposed armies slugged away in the same area for weeks

2. : to move forward or push on vigorously against difficulties : plow

a fighting leader who would slug on through — Fletcher Pratt

Synonyms: see strike

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.