Meaning of START in English

I. ˈstär]t, -tȧ], usu ]d.+V\ noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English start, stert handle, tail, from Old English steort tail; akin to Middle Dutch stert, start tail, Old High German sterz, Old Norse stertr tail, Old English starian to stare — more at stare

: a curved or projecting part or section: as

a. : the curved or inclined front and bottom of a waterwheel bucket

b. : the lever of a gin drawn around by a horse

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English sterten; akin to Middle High German sterzen to move quickly, stand up stiffly, Old Norse sterta to crease, Old English starian to stare — more at stare

intransitive verb


a. : to move suddenly and violently from a state of stillness or rest : dart , jump , spring

everywhere men and women started from their beds at the shots — Marjory S. Douglas

started to his feet angrily — Liam O'Flaherty

— often used with up

now falls on her bed, and then starts up — Shakespeare

b. : to draw back : flinch , recoil

she skipped forward to the pit … but she started back in surprise — George Eliot

c. : to awaken suddenly

started from my sleep with horror — Mary W. Shelley

started from her reverie with a shiver — G.B.Shaw

d. : to react (as to something that frightens, surprises, or disgusts) with a sudden brief involuntary movement : become startled

stepped stealthily, and started when a twig snapped underfoot — Margaret Deland

she never starts or shows surprise — Rose Macaulay

why do you start and seem to fear things that do sound so fair — Shakespeare


a. : to issue, flow, or enter with sudden force : burst

blood starting from the wound

tears starting from her eyes

b. : to arise, emerge, or break out suddenly

in a few short paragraphs, the characters start into life

— often used with up

new settlements started up all around them

a man who started up from obscurity

c. : to come into being, activity, or operation : begin , commence

the blood is all ready and waiting with food, if a baby starts — J.A.O'Brien

the fever disappears for a few days, only to start all over again — Justina Hill

as soon as the battle started, he left his command post — H.L.Merillat

3. : to protrude or seem to protrude : bulge

the men of the regiment, with their starting eyes and sweating faces — Stephen Crane


a. : to work itself open or free : become loosened : become broken or forced out of place

a nail has started

one of the planks has started

b. of an arrow : to jump suddenly out of the line of aim when loosed

c. of book leaves : to extend beyond the regular fore edge because loosened at the backbone

5. archaic : to deviate from one's course or duty : desert , revolt


a. : to begin a forward movement : take off on a course or progress : set out

the train is ready to start

the expedition started north

five cars started but only three finished

b. : to range from a specified initial point

the rates start at ten dollars

the alphabet starts with A

a succession of expressions, starting with a gentle smile and finishing with a broad grin — Wilfrid Campfield


a. : to begin an activity or undertaking

as soon as you're ready to play, we'll start

as a novelist, he starts with a double handicap

started in business on a shoestring

b. : to begin work

when do I start

— sometimes used with in

will start in after a brief period of training


(1) : to be a contestant or entry in a race or field trial

(2) : to be in the lineup at the beginning of a game (as baseball or football)

despite his injury, he will start in center field

a left-hander will probably start for the home team

started at quarterback

transitive verb

1. : to drive from a place of concealment into the open : cause to move so as to be discovered : flush

started a deer on the banks of this stream — American Guide Series: Vermont

start a hare

2. archaic : to disturb suddenly : startle , alarm

every feather starts you — Shakespeare

3. : to bring up for consideration or discussion : introduce , propound

started a subject in which he expected him to shine — Jane Austen


a. : to bring into being : initiate , originate

started a story that his opponent was a crook

started the modernist movement in art

started the custom many years ago

b. : to set up : establish , found

start a college

start a newspaper


a. : to cause to become loosened or displaced

the pounding of the waves started some of the rivets

b. : to break out

start the anchor

c. : to ease off : slacken

start a rope


a. : discharge , empty

start the contents of the barrel into a new cask

b. : to begin the use of

start a new keg of beer

start a fresh loaf of bread


a. : to set going : cause to move, act, or operate

was unable to start the car

wound the clock to start it running again

started his son in business

b. : to cause (a motor) to begin running on its own ignition — often used with up


(1) : to enter in a race or contest

plans to start the horse in only a few races this year

(2) : to put into a game at the beginning

started the rookie at third but took him out after three innings

d. : to begin the employment of : take on

the company started him at the same salary he had been getting on his previous job

the station started him as a news announcer

e. : to care for during the early stages of growth and development : initiate the raising or training of

started chicks

a well- started coonhound

8. : to perform the first stages or actions of : enter on

started studying music at the age of three

started to load the truck

started what seemed like an impossible job

Synonyms: see begin

- start something

- to start with

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English stert, from sterten, v.


a. : a sudden involuntary bodily movement or reaction

gave a little start of surprise — R.H.Davis

jerked the reins so hard that her mother came out of her thoughts with a start — Margaret Deland

b. : a brief and sudden action or movement : bound

nature does nothing by starts and leaps — Roger L'Estrange

does things by fits and starts

c. obsolete : a sudden excursion or flight

use your legs, take the start , run away — Shakespeare

d. : a sudden capricious impulse or outburst : fit , sally

starts and aberrations of fancy welling up from springs of suppressed romance — Edith Wharton

e. : a sudden burst of sound or speech

she did speak in starts distractedly — Shakespeare


a. : a beginning of movement, activity, or development : initial impulse, motion, or action

made a good start in life

the work is off to a promising start

the horse made a false start and had to be called back

building starts

housing starts

b. : a lead or handicap at the beginning of a race or competition : advantage , head start

gave them a five minutes' start and then went after them

the early sea trade of the inhabitants of the island world … gave them a start over their neighbors — Edward Clodd


(1) : the act or action of setting into motion : the imparting of motion

gave the car a start by pushing it

(2) : help in beginning or undertaking something (as a career or project)

gave him his start in business

gave him a start on the problem

d. : a place of beginning : point of departure

five cars lined up at the start

selected the old mill as the start of the hike

3. : an unusual, interesting, or surprising incident or event : a peculiar circumstance

of all the queer starts … me, meeting you like this — Richard Dehan


a. : something that has come loose : displacement

b. starts plural : book leaves that have started

5. : the act or an instance of being a competitor in a race or a member of a starting lineup in a game

finished no worse than second in his last six starts

pitched an excellent game in his first start

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.