Meaning of STRENGTH in English


ˈstreŋ(k)th, ˈstren(t)th noun

( plural strengths -ths, ˈstreŋks)

Etymology: Middle English strengthe, strenthe, from Old English strengthu; akin to Old High German strengida strength, strengi strong — more at strong


a. : moral courage

strength to surmount the horrors and humiliations of … defeat — Patrick O'Donovan

the inner strength of self-restraint — A.E.Stevenson †1965

b. : physical force or vigor : brawn , vitality

the lion's natural weapons … strength and cunning — James Stevenson-Hamilton

as the day went on, her strength lessened — Millen Brand


(1) : ability to produce an effect : influence

the strength of his personal prestige — A.L.Funk

a policy based on peace through strength — R.M.Makins

(2) : a quality of flour that determines the volume and texture of the loaf and depends on the amount and kind of protein present

(3) : energy content

testing the strength of a new high explosive

d. archaic : healthy condition : productiveness — used of soil

westwardly … the soil again improves in strength — Charles Vancouver



(1) : a source of power or influence

the magnificent sense of history and tradition which is one of the strengths of the Roman Catholic Church — Newsweek

(2) : a strong attribute or inherent asset

make it clear what you consider are the strengths and weaknesses of the book — Raymond Walters b. 1912

children … exhibit special gifts and strengths relatively early — Gertrude H. Hildreth

it was Napoleon's strength neither to admit defeat nor to be trapped by stubborn adherence to a ruinous course — Oscar Handlin

b. archaic : a secure retreat : fortress , stronghold

all the forts and strengths of the realm — Robert Barret


(1) : a strong position

negotiate from strength

(2) obsolete : a protective barrier : embankment , fortification


a. : military might

made it easier for power-seeking nations to build strength for the second world war — T.F.Hawkins

b. obsolete

(1) : military forces

(2) : a fighting force

c. archaic : ability to withstand assault

castle's strength will laugh a siege to scorn — Shakespeare

d. : ability to withstand stress or deformation : the quality of bodies by which they endure the application of force without breaking : toughness , cohesion

the strength of igneous rocks

the rubber does not attain full strength until vulcanization is complete — Dun's Review

— compare breaking strength , compressive strength , fatigue strength , tensile strength


(1) : the number of personnel or units on a military muster roll

the struggle … was terrific, costing each side about one third of its strength — American Guide Series: Tennessee

Commonwealth has a powerful strength of naval bases around the world — Quentin Reynolds

(2) : the authorized complement of a military unit

suggested that we bring the regiment up to strength with carefully certified officers — Oliver La Farge

sufficiently valuable assistants to be put on the strength — Manchester Guardian Weekly

(3) : large numbers

forces landed in strength in three places — Infantry Journal

f. : the number of personnel on a roster of any kind

an employed strength of 70,000 — Country Life

g. archaic : a sufficient number

without … their crews he had no longer strength enough to navigate the ship — George Anson

h. : available means of support : reserves that can be mobilized at will : resources

economic and industrial … strengths of the Communist and anti-Communist blocs — New York Times



(1) : velocity or amount of flow : relative quantity or degree : intensity , volume

strength of the wind

the strength and direction of sea currents vary considerably at different times of the year — W.H.Dowdeswell

it is not sufficient to know merely the overall strength of a noise — S.S.Stevens

(2) : the phase of a tidal current when its velocity is greatest ; also : the velocity at that time

b. : fervor or predominant inclination : profoundness , vehemence — used of a mental or emotional attitude

strength of conviction

the overwhelming strength of British opinion — A.P.Ryan

c. : degree of coloration or dilution : gradation , potency

each part of the engraving should print at its exact strength — John Southward

strengths are given as percentages of alcohol by volume — O.A.Mendelsohn

d. : degree of ionization in solution — used of acids and bases; compare acidity 1a, basicity 1

e. : vigor of demand : rising tendency in prices

strength in consumer buying

stock markets were displaying remarkable drive and strength — London Financial Times


a. obsolete : legal backing : authority

thou hast the strength of laws — Shakespeare

b. : the true facts or general significance : gist , tenor

intent to have an explanation … and I'll get the strength of matters soon enough — Rex Ingamells

c. : degree of importance or credibility : soundness , weight

strength of an argument

strength of legal evidence

d. : basis — used in the phrase on the strength of

a fussy housewife scalding the entire pantry on the strength of one ant in the cookie jar — H.L.Davis

new sawmills were established on the strength of anticipated canal trade — American Guide Series: Ind.

6. : force of expression or treatment : clarity of definition

it was this titan's spirit which gave such drive and strength to the mightiest of his plays — John Mason Brown

the film finds pictorial strength in its fine blending of bare reality and shattering glitter — Cecile Starr

the building masses are … well related, endowing the structure with a silhouette of great strength — American Guide Series: New York City

Synonyms: see power

- from strength to strength

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.