Meaning of YIELD in English

YIELD

I. ˈyēld, esp before pause or consonant ˈyēəld verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English yielden, yelden, for Old English gieldan, geldan; akin to Old High German geltan to pay, render, requite, Old Norse gjalda, Gothic forgildan, and perhaps to Old Slavic žlĕsti to pay

transitive verb

1. archaic : to give a reward to : recompense , requite , reward — used chiefly as an expression of gratitude or goodwill

tend me tonight two hours … and the gods yield you for't — Shakespeare

2. : to give or render as fitting, rightfully owed, or required

yield him obedience in lawful things — G.P.R.James

3. archaic : return 5b

he yielded to this suggestion a ready and rapturous assent — Charles Dickens

4.

a. archaic : to hand over : deliver , offer , present

our soul cannot but yield you forth to public thanks — Shakespeare

b. : to grant as an act of grace or as a concession : give or bestow as a favor

the king yielded the citizens the right of justice — J.R.Green

refused to yield passage

5. : to give up possession of upon claim or demand: as

a. : to give up (as one's breath, life, or spirit) and so die or expire

yielded up the ghost and was gathered unto his people — Gen 49:33 (Authorized Version)

b. : to surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another : hand over possession of

refused to yield the fortress to the enemy

— sometimes used with up

the Indians agreed … to yield up their British flags — Grace L. Nute

c. : to surrender or submit (oneself) to another

each Babylonian woman was in duty bound … to yield herself to a stranger — H.M.Parshley

emotions do not yield themselves readily to a verbal pin — Ernest & Pearl Beaglehole

d. : to give (oneself) up to an inclination, temptation, or habit : submit, give over, or incline (oneself) to some influence : dedicate or devote (oneself) to something

a temptation to which he yielded himself — H.O.Taylor

she yielded herself up … to the rhythm of a waltz — Victoria Sackville-West

e.

(1) : to relinquish one's possession of (as a position of advantage or point of superiority)

yield precedence

traffic required to yield right of way

yielded the premiership to his rival

(2) : to relinquish (as the floor or a period of allotted speaking time) to another member of a legislative assembly

yield the floor to the senator from Nebraska

f. : to hand over or resign to the moral control of another : give to another the political, economic, or social direction of : relinquish

yield sovereignty to an international organization

yielded her heart to another

6.

a. obsolete : to acknowledge as being correctly specified : allow , concede

I yield it just … and submit — John Milton

b.

(1) : to admit the validity or cogency of

yielded the point

unwilling to yield the argument

(2) archaic : consent , agree

yielded to ask for mercy — Jane West

c. obsolete : to admit to be true : concede to be so

hard … to yield they have done amiss — Nicholas Rowe

7.

a. : to bear or bring or put forth as a natural product especially as a result of cultivation

clover seed … yields from 6 to 10 bushels on the cutover lands — American Guide Series: Minnesota

b. : to furnish as output or as return or result of expended effort

their soil yields treasures of every kind — H.T.Buckle

c. : to produce as a result : give as a product

this prediction is susceptible of a test which yields a yes or no answer — J.B.Conant

d. : to give up in response to one's efforts : render as the result of the application of skill, persistence, or hard work

words, under the analyses now indicated, yield the history of their origin — Edward Clodd

— often used with up

caves … which have not yet yielded up their secrets to the eyes of man — Bill Beatty

8. : to give forth : discharge , emit

air-swept lindens yield their scent — Matthew Arnold

9.

a. : to produce or furnish to supply a need : provide for use or to serve a purpose : afford

cotton can be treated to yield a series of products — Industrial & Engineering Chemistry

several makes of engine yield considerably more power — Grenville Manton

the language too condensed to yield quotable lines — J.D.Hart

b. : to give rise to : cause , occasion

the election yielded only one surprise

c.

(1) : to produce as return from an expenditure or investment : furnish as profit or interest : pay , return

an investment that now yields him 6 percent

first steam whaler afloat … yielded $151,000 net — American Guide Series: Connecticut

it will prosper and yield a fair return on the … investment — Leo Wolman

(2) : to produce as revenue : bring in

a levy … was proposed in order to yield £4 million — Alzada Comstock

d. obsolete : to present to view : exhibit

10. : to give up (as a run or hit) in baseball

yielded a triple to left

intransitive verb

1. : to make or give a return : be fruitful or productive : bear , produce

the impoverished soil would not yield without application of fertilizers — American Guide Series: Maryland

the apple trees did not yield well this year

2. : to give up and cease resistance or contention: as

a. : to surrender and concede being defeated, vanquished, or worsted

the enemy suddenly yielded — M.R.Cohen

b. : to cease opposition : give up the contest : submit , succumb

after several hours of debate, the opposition yielded

c. : to cease to withstand the effect of some action

short words which nowhere yield to analysis — Edward Sapir

whole passages yield neatly when translated by shorthand — Fletcher Pratt

d. : to agree to accept or comply with something : exhibit willingness rather than opposition : defer

yielded to the secondary role for which his talent equipped him — Van Wyck Brooks

3. : to give way to pressure or influence exerted upon one : submit to urging, persuasion, or entreaty : consent or agree to something : cease opposition or objection to something : comply with something

if you yield to that impulse — T.B.Costain

yield to the urgent invitation — D.S.Muzzey

refused to yield to their demands

yields to her seducer with hardly a struggle — T.S.Eliot

4.

a. : to give way under physical force so as to bend, stretch, or break

the dirt road was so soft it yielded to the foot like a feather bed — American Guide Series: New York City

nylon does not yield to stretch as readily as rubber yarns — W.E.Shinn

b. : to lose power of resistance to some physical action or agent (as pressure, friction, or heat) so as to be affected by it

ores that yield readily to reduction processes — American Guide Series: Washington

the door suddenly yielded to her hand — Jane Austen

c. : to permit oneself to be deflected : change one's course in deference : turn aside

refused to yield a particle from his resolution

5.

a. : to give place or precedence (as to one having superior right or claim) : acknowledge the superiority of someone else

I yield to no one in my respect for his creative program — R.N.Denney

the way of life of these peoples must yield to the culture of the white man — Current Biography

the acts of New York must yield to the law of Congress — John Marshall

b. : to be inferior in some often specified respect

their mutton yields to ours but their beef is excellent — Jonathan Swift

c. : to give way to or be succeeded by someone or something else

pavements … yielded to dirt roads — Giorgio de Santillana

the cold thin air of the mountains yielded to sweltering heat as they descended — Bernard De Voto

hard conditions of life … yielded to more propitious circumstances — Van Wyck Brooks

6. : to relinquish the floor of a legislative assembly (as for a period of time or a question)

yield to the senator from Connecticut

Synonyms:

submit , capitulate , succumb , bow , defer , relent : yield is a general term referring to any sort of giving in before force, domination, argument, entreaty, appeal

after some further argument I yielded the point — W.H.Hudson †1922

went into the Peace Conference willing to yield everything to English interests — H.L.Mencken

not a man to yield weakly — Havelock Ellis

submit more strongly indicates giving up after conflict, contention, or resistance to the will, control, or disposition of another

not only has faith in divine Providence but submits to it humbly — Herbert Agar

must submit ourselves to the will of God — Mary Austin

tamely submitted to the rebuffs — A.T.Quiller-Couch

capitulate centers attention on a definite act of surrendering or giving up to a stronger force or power

how easily we capitulate to badges and names, to large societies and dead institutions — R.W.Emerson

the universities would capitulate to a young, vigorous and revolutionary creed, in tune with the Zeitgeist — Walter Moberly

succumb is likely to indicate utter yielding through weakness or exhaustion

succumbing before the barbarian invasions — H.O.Taylor

presidents who have attempted independent action have soon succumbed to the power of the government — Ernest Barker

bow may be used in reference to situations in which a party that has not been vanquished gives in or yields for politic or courteous reasons

their habit of bowing to public opinion — Bertrand Russell

bowed to political expediency and requested Blair's resignation — W.E.Smith

soon learned to bow before his wife's more stormy moods — Samuel Butler †1902

defer strongly connotes yielding brought about by respect for another or for his position or authority

everybody must defer … a nation must wait upon her decision, a dean and chapter truckle to her wishes — Victoria Sackville-West

the banker who was a free man, who ran his own bank in his own way, deferring only slightly to the nonsense of the federal bank inspectors — W.A.White

relent is used in situations in which a dominant party abates his rigor or mollifies his wrath because of entreaty, consideration, or resurgence of easier nature

might have relented and repented having wrung a promise from her — Margaret Deland

Synonym: see in addition bear , relinquish .

II. noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English yelde, from yelden to yield

1. : something (as the amount, quantity, or product) yielded: as

a.

(1) : the aggregate of products resulting from growth or cultivation

a goodly yield of fruit — Francis Bacon

an increased yield per acre

yields average over twenty pounds of fruit per plant — Irish Independent

(2) : the aggregate of products resulting from a chemical reaction and usually expressed as the percentage actually obtained of the amount theoretically possible

(3) : the amount of explosive energy expended by a nuclear explosion usually expressed in kilotons of TNT that would produce an explosion resulting in the expending of the same amount of energy

b. : the quantity of a product resulting from exploitation of natural resources

the yield of a well in barrels of oil

fishermen … are finding that the yield per hour of trawling is dropping — Irish Digest

c. : the revenue obtained from a tax or levy

d. : the return upon a financial investment usually expressed as a percentage of cost

the yield on a bond

a 4 5 yield

e. : the actual or the normal product of a stand of timber

f. : the number of proof gallons of spirit obtained from a bushel of grain in distilling

2.

a. : the capacity of yielding produce or other product

a fruit belt owes its abundant yield to climatic conditions — American Guide Series: Michigan

b. : the capacity to yield under pressure or tension

a material with high yield

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.