Meaning of LOAD in English
— loadless , adj.
/lohd/ , n.
1. anything put in or on something for conveyance or transportation; freight; cargo: The truck carried a load of watermelons.
2. the quantity that can be or usually is carried at one time, as in a cart.
3. this quantity taken as a unit of measure or weight or a discrete quantity (usually used in combination): carload; wagonload.
4. the quantity borne or sustained by something; burden: a tree weighed down by its load of fruit.
5. the weight supported by a structure or part.
6. the amount of work assigned to or to be done by a person, team, department, machine, or mechanical system: a reasonable load of work.
7. something that weighs down or oppresses like a burden; onus: Supporting her younger brothers has been a heavy load for her.
8. loads , Informal. a great quantity or number: loads of fun; loads of people.
9. the charge for a firearm.
10. a commission charged to buyers of mutual-fund shares.
11. Engin. any of the forces that a structure is calculated to oppose, comprising any unmoving and unvarying force (dead load) , any load from wind or earthquake, and any other moving or temporary force (live load) .
a. the power delivered by a generator, motor, power station, or transformer.
b. a device that receives power.
13. Mech. the external resistance overcome by an engine, dynamo, or the like, under given conditions, measured and expressed in terms of the power required.
14. Geol. the burden of sediment being carried by a stream or river. Cf. bed load .
15. Slang. a sufficient amount of liquor drunk to cause intoxication: He's got a load on tonight.
16. get a load of , Slang.
a. to look at; notice; observe.
b. to listen to with interest: Did you get a load of what she said?
17. to put a load on or in; fill: to load a ship.
18. to supply abundantly, lavishly, or excessively with something (often fol. by down ): They loaded us down with gifts.
19. to weigh down, burden, or oppress (often fol. by down, with, on, etc.): to feel loaded down with responsibilities; to load oneself with obligations.
20. to insert a charge, projectile, etc., into (a firearm).
21. to place (film, tape, etc.) into a camera or other device: He loaded the film into the camera.
22. to place film, tape, etc., into (a camera or other device): How do you load this camera?
23. to take on as a load: a ship loading coal.
24. to add to the weight of, sometimes fraudulently: The silver candlesticks were loaded with lead.
25. Insurance. to increase (the net premium) by adding charges, as for expenses.
26. to add additional or prejudicial meaning to (a statement, question, etc.): The attorney kept loading his questions in the hope of getting the reply he wanted.
27. to overcharge (a word, expression, etc.) with extraneous values of emotion, sentiment, or the like: emotion that loads any reference to home, flag, and mother.
28. to weight (dice) so that they will always come to rest with particular faces upward.
29. Baseball. to have or put runners at (first, second, and third bases): They loaded the bases with two out in the eighth inning.
30. Fine Arts.
a. to place a large amount of pigment on (a brush).
b. to apply a thick layer of pigment to (a canvas).
a. (of metal being deep-drawn) to become welded to (the drawing tool).
b. (of material being ground) to fill the depressions in the surface of (a grinding wheel).
c. (in powder metallurgy) to fill the cavity of (a die).
a. to bring (a program or data) into main storage from external or auxiliary storage.
b. to place (an input/output medium) into an appropriate device, as by inserting a disk into a disk drive.
33. Elect. to add (a power-absorbing device) to an electric circuit.
34. to put on or take on a load, as of passengers or goods: The bus usually loads at the side door.
35. to load a firearm.
36. to enter a carrier or conveyance (usually fol. by into ): The students loaded quickly into the buses.
37. to become filled or occupied: The ship loaded with people in only 15 minutes.
38. load the dice , to put someone or something in a advantageous or disadvantageous position; affect or influence the result: Lack of sufficient education loaded the dice against him as a candidate for the job.
39. loads , Informal. very much; a great deal: Thanks loads. It would help loads if you sent some money.
[ bef. 1000; ME lode (n.); orig. the same word as LODE (OE lad way, course, carrying); senses influenced by LADE ]
Syn. 7. weight, encumbrance. LOAD, BURDEN referred originally to something placed on a person or animal or put into a vehicle for conveyance. Both LOAD and BURDEN are still used in this literal sense, though BURDEN only infrequently, except in such fixed phrases as beast of burden and a ship of 1500 tons burden (carrying capacity). Both words have come to be used figuratively to refer to duties, cares, etc., that are oppressively heavy, and this is now the main meaning of BURDEN: You have taken a load off my mind. Some children are a burden. 17. lade. 19. weight, encumber.
Ant. 19. disburden.
Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary. Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House . 2012