Meaning of COLD in English

COLD

I. ˈkōld adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English ceald, cald; akin to Old High German kalt cold, Latin gelu frost, gelare to freeze

Date: before 12th century

1.

a. : having or being a temperature that is uncomfortably low for humans

it is cold outside today

a cold drafty attic

b. : having a relatively low temperature or one lower than normal or expected

the bath water has gotten cold

c. : not heated: as

(1) of food : served without heating especially after initial cooking or processing

cold cereal

cold roast beef

(2) : served chilled or with ice

a cold drink

(3) : involving processing without the use of heat

cold working of steel

2.

a. : marked by a lack of the warmth of normal human emotion, friendliness, or compassion

a cold stare

got a cold reception

also : not moved to enthusiasm

the movie leaves me cold

b. : not colored or affected by personal feeling or bias : detached , indifferent

cold chronicles recorded by an outsider — Andrew Sarris

also : impersonal , objective

cold facts

cold reality

c. : marked by sure familiarity : pat

had her lines cold weeks before opening night

3. : conveying the impression of being cold: as

a. : depressing , gloomy

cold gray skies

b. : cool 6a

4.

a. : marked by the loss of normal body heat

cold hands

especially : dead

b. : giving the appearance of being dead : unconscious

passed out cold

5.

a. : having lost freshness or vividness : stale

dogs trying to pick up a cold scent

b. : far off the mark : not close to finding or solving — used especially in children's games

c. : marked by poor or unlucky performance

the team's shooting turned cold in the second half

d. : not prepared or suitably warmed up

• cold·ish ˈkōld-ish adjective

• cold·ly ˈkōl(d)-lē adverb

• cold·ness ˈkōl(d)-nəs noun

- in cold blood

II. noun

Date: 13th century

1. : bodily sensation produced by loss or lack of heat

they died of the cold

2. : a condition of low temperature

extremes of heat and cold

especially : cold weather

3. : a bodily disorder popularly associated with chilling ; specifically : common cold

- out in the cold

III. adverb

Date: 1889

1. : with utter finality : absolutely , completely

turned down cold

also : abruptly

stopped them cold

2.

a. : without introduction or advance notice

walked in cold to apply for a job

b. : without preparation or warm-up

was asked to perform the solo cold

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.