Meaning of COLD in English

COLD

/ kəʊld; NAmE koʊld/ adjective , noun , adverb

■ adjective

( cold·er , cold·est )

LOW TEMPERATURE

1.

having a lower than usual temperature; having a temperature lower than the human body :

I'm cold. Turn the heating up.

to feel / look cold

cold hands and feet

a cold room / house

hot and cold water in every room

Isn't it cold today?

It's freezing cold .

to get / turn colder

bitterly cold weather

the coldest May on record

( BrE )

The water has gone cold.

FOOD / DRINK

2.

not heated; cooled after being cooked :

a cold drink

Hot and cold food is available in the cafeteria.

cold chicken for lunch

UNFRIENDLY

3.

( of a person ) without emotion; unfriendly :

to give sb a cold look / stare / welcome

Her manner was cold and distant .

He was staring at her with cold eyes .

LIGHT / COLOURS

4.

seeming to lack warmth, in an unpleasant way :

clear cold light

cold grey skies

ROUTE

5.

not easy to find :

The police followed the robbers to the airport but then the trail went cold .

IN GAMES

6.

used in children's games to say that the person playing is not close to finding a person or thing, or to guessing the correct answer

UNCONSCIOUS

7.

out ~ [ not before noun ] ( informal ) unconscious :

He was knocked out cold in the second round.

FACTS

8.

the ~ facts / truth facts with nothing added to make them more interesting or pleasant

—see also coldly , coldness

IDIOMS

- a cold fish

- get / have cold feet

- give sb the cold shoulder

- in cold blood

- in the cold light of day

- leave sb cold

- pour / throw cold water on sth

—more at blood , blow verb , hot adjective

■ noun

LOW TEMPERATURE

1.

[ U ] a lack of heat or warmth; a low temperature, especially in the atmosphere :

He shivered with cold.

Don't stand outside in the cold .

She doesn't seem to feel the cold .

You'll catch your death of cold (= used to warn sb they could become very ill if they do not keep warm in cold weather) .

ILLNESS

2.

[ C ] (also less frequent the ˌcommon ˈcold [ sing. ]) a common illness that affects the nose and/or throat, making you cough, sneeze , etc. :

I've got a cold.

a bad / heavy / slight cold

to catch a cold

IDIOMS

- come in from the cold

- leave sb out in the cold

—more at catch verb

■ adverb

1.

( NAmE ) suddenly and completely :

His final request stopped her cold.

2.

without preparing :

I can't just walk in there cold and give a speech.

••

SYNONYMS

cold

cool ♦ freezing ♦ chilly ♦ lukewarm ♦ tepid

All these words describe sb/sth that has a low temperature.

cold

having a temperature that is lower than usual or lower than the human body; (of food or drink) not heated; cooled after being cooked:

I'm cold. Turn the heating up.

Outside it was bitterly cold.

a cold wind

hot and cold water

It's cold chicken for lunch.

cool

( often approving ) fairly cold, especially in a pleasant way:

a long cool drink

We found a cool place to sit.

freezing

extremely cold; having a temperature below 0° Celsius:

It's absolutely freezing outside.

I'm freezing!

chilly

( rather informal ) too cold to be comfortable:

Bring a coat. It might turn chilly later.

lukewarm

( often disapproving ) slightly warm, sometimes in an unpleasant way:

Her coffee was now lukewarm.

tepid

( often disapproving ) slightly warm, sometimes in an unpleasant way:

a jug of tepid water

lukewarm or tepid?

There is really no difference in meaning or use between these words.

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS :

to be / feel cold / cool / freezing / chilly / lukewarm / tepid

to become / get / grow cold / cool / freezing / chilly

to keep sth cold / cool

cold / cool / freezing / chilly air / weather

a cold / cool / freezing / chilly wind

cold / cool / freezing / lukewarm / tepid water

a cold / cool / lukewarm / tepid shower / bath

cold / lukewarm / tepid tea / coffee / food

a cold / cool drink

It's cold / chilly / freezing outside.

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English cald , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch koud and German kalt , also to Latin gelu frost.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.