Meaning of DAMAGE in English

DAMAGE

I. ˈdamij, -mēj noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French, from dam damage (from Latin damnum damage, fine) + -age — more at damn

1. : loss due to injury : injury or harm to person, property, or reputation : hurt , harm

flood damage

damage resulting from upheavals of nature

items that may be canceled without damage to the essential plan

my poor parents were afraid of social damage to their child — Rose Macaulay

2. obsolete : a thing to be regretted : misfortune , disadvantage

3. damages plural : the estimated reparation in money for detriment or injury sustained : compensation or satisfaction imposed by law for a wrong or injury caused by a violation of a legal right

bring a suit for damages

was awarded compensatory damages of $4000

— compare damnum absque injuria ; see compensatory damages , general damages , nominal damages , punitive damages , special damages

4. : expense , cost , charge

Synonyms: see injury

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English damagen, from Middle French damagier, from Old French, from damage, n.

transitive verb

: to do or cause damage to : hurt , injure , impair

rehabilitation centers for men damaged by war

damaged his case by overstating it

frost severe enough to damage fruit trees

intransitive verb

: to become damaged

a sturdy cloth that does not damage easily

Synonyms: see injure

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.