Meaning of TRAIN in English


v. & n.

v. 1 a tr. (often foll. by to + infin.) teach (a person, animal, oneself, etc.) a specified skill esp. by practice (trained the dog to beg; was trained in midwifery). b intr. undergo this process (trained as a teacher). 2 tr. & intr. bring or come into a state of physical efficiency by exercise, diet, etc.; undergo physical exercise, esp. for a specific purpose (trained me for the high jump; the team trains every evening). 3 tr. cause (a plant) to grow in a required shape (trained the peach tree up the wall). 4 (usu. as trained adj.) make (the mind, eye, etc.) sharp or discerning as a result of instruction, practice, etc. 5 tr. (often foll. by on) point or aim (a gun, camera, etc.) at an object etc. 6 colloq. a intr. go by train. b tr. (foll. by it as object) make a journey by train (trained it to Aberdeen). 7 tr. (usu. foll. by away) archaic entice, lure.

n. 1 a series of railway carriages or trucks drawn by an engine. 2 something dragged along behind or forming the back part of a dress, robe, etc. (wore a dress with a long train; the train of the peacock). 3 a succession or series of people, things, events, etc. (a long train of camels; interrupted my train of thought; a train of ideas). 4 a body of followers; a retinue (a train of admirers). 5 a succession of military vehicles etc., including artillery, supplies, etc. (baggage train). 6 a line of gunpowder etc. to fire an explosive charge. 7 a series of connected wheels or parts in machinery. in train properly arranged or directed. in a person's train following behind a person. in the train of as a sequel of. train-bearer a person employed to hold up the train of a robe etc. train down train with exercise or diet to lower one's weight. train-ferry (pl. -ies) a ship that conveys a railway train across water. train-mile one mile travelled by one train, as a unit of traffic. train-spotter a person who collects locomotive numbers as a hobby. train-spotting this hobby. trainable adj. trainability n. trainee n. trainless adj.

[ ME f. OF traïner, trahiner, ult. f. L trahere draw ]

Concise Oxford English dictionary.      Краткий оксфордский словарь английского языка.