Meaning of TRAIN in English

TRAIN

/ treɪn; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

a railway / railroad engine pulling a number of coaches / cars or trucks, taking people and goods from one place to another :

to get on / off a train

I like travelling by train .

a passenger / commuter / goods / freight train

to catch / take / get the train to London

a train journey / driver

You have to change trains at Reading.

—see also gravy train , road train , wagon train

2.

a number of people or animals moving in a line :

a camel train

3.

[ usually sing. ] a series of events or actions that are connected :

His death set in motion a train of events that led to the outbreak of war.

4.

the part of a long formal dress that spreads out on the floor behind the person wearing it

IDIOMS

- bring sth in its train

- in sb's train

- set sth in train

- a train of thought

■ verb

1.

train (sb) (as / in / for sth) to teach a person or an animal the skills for a particular job or activity; to be taught in this way :

[ vn ]

badly trained staff

[ vn to inf ]

They train dogs to sniff out drugs.

[ v ]

He trained as a teacher before becoming an actor.

All members of the team have trained in first aid.

[ v to inf ]

Sue is training to be a doctor.

2.

train (sb) (for / in sth) to prepare yourself/sb for a particular activity, especially a sport, by doing a lot of exercise; to prepare a person or an animal in this way :

[ v ]

athletes training for the Olympics

[ vn ]

She trains horses.

He trains the Olympic team.

3.

to develop a natural ability or quality so that it improves :

[ vn ]

An expert with a trained eye will spot the difference immediately.

[ vn to inf ]

You can train your mind to think positively.

4.

[ vn ] train sth (around / along / up, etc.) to make a plant grow in a particular direction :

Roses had been trained around the door.

PHRASAL VERBS

- train sth at / on sb/sth

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English (as a noun in the sense delay ): from Old French train (masculine), traine (feminine), from trahiner (verb), from Latin trahere pull, draw. Early noun senses were trailing part of a robe and retinue ; the latter gave rise to line of travelling people or vehicles , later a connected series of things . The early verb sense cause a plant to grow in a desired shape was the basis of the sense instruct .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.