Meaning of TRAIN in English

TRAIN

I. train 1 S1 W2 /treɪn/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: 'something that is pulled along behind' , from trainer ; ⇨ ↑ train 2 ]

1 . RAILWAY a set of several carriages that are connected to each other and pulled along a railway line by an engine

train to

the train to Munich

We went all the way to Inverness by train.

⇨ ↑ boat train

2 . SERIES a train of something a series of events or actions that are related:

The decision set off a train of events which led to his resignation.

3 . train of thought a related series of thoughts that are developing in your mind:

The phone interrupted my train of thought.

I’ve lost my train of thought.

4 . bring something in its train formal if an action or event brings something in its train, that thing happens as a result of it:

a decision that brought disaster in its train

5 . set something in train British English formal to make a process start happening:

Plans to modernize have been set in train.

6 . PEOPLE/ANIMALS a long line of moving people, animals, or vehicles:

a camel train

7 . DRESS a part of a long dress that spreads out over the ground behind the person wearing it:

a wedding dress with a long train

8 . SERVANTS a group of servants or officers following an important person, especially in the past

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ take/get a train

I took the first train home.

▪ catch a train

He was in a hurry to catch a train.

▪ go by/travel by train

We decided to go by train.

▪ get on/board a train

At Stoke, another passenger boarded the train.

▪ get off a train

He got off the train at Flushing.

▪ wait for a train

She sat on the railway platform for half an hour, waiting for a train.

▪ miss a train (=be too late to get on a train)

I just missed the last train.

▪ trains run (=take people from one place to another at fixed times)

Trains run from two main London stations, Victoria and Charing Cross, every hour.

▪ a train arrives

The train arrived on time.

▪ a train leaves/departs

Trains depart from Rugby at half-hourly intervals until 4.00 pm.

▪ a train pulls into/out of a station

The train pulled into Euston station and I got off.

▪ a train derails/is derailed (=comes off the rails)

Most of the passengers escaped injury when their train was derailed.

■ adjectives/NOUN + train

▪ a freight/goods train

a freight train carrying hazardous chemicals

▪ a passenger train

a passenger train bound for Geneva

▪ a commuter train (=a train that people going to work use)

a crash involving two crowded commuter trains

▪ an express train/a fast train (=one that does not stop at many places)

He boarded the express train to London.

▪ a slow train ( also a stopping train British English ) (=one that stops at a lot of places)

We got on the stopping train by mistake and it took hours to get home.

▪ a steam train

Railway enthusiasts have the opportunity to take a nostalgic trip on a steam train.

▪ a tube/underground train (=one that runs under London)

The condition of many tube trains is a disgrace.

■ train + NOUN

▪ a train journey British English , a train trip American English

They were not looking forward to the long train journey.

▪ a train fare

How much is the train fare to Derby?

▪ a train driver

The train driver apologized for the late departure.

▪ a train crash ( also a train wreck American English )

Ten people were killed in the train crash.

■ COMMON ERRORS

► Do not say ' go by the train ' or ' travel by the train '. Say go by train or travel by train .

II. train 2 S1 W2 BrE AmE verb

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ trainee , ↑ trainer , ↑ training , ↑ retraining ; verb : ↑ train , ↑ retrain ; adjective : trained ≠ ↑ untrained ]

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: trainer 'to pull, drag' , from Vulgar Latin traginare , probably from Latin trahere 'to pull' ]

1 . TEACH SOMEBODY [intransitive and transitive] to teach someone the skills of a particular job or activity, or to be taught these skills ⇨ training

train somebody in something

All staff will be trained in customer service skills.

train to do something

She’s training to be a doctor.

train somebody to do something

Employees are trained to deal with emergency situations.

train as

Nadia trained as a singer.

a highly trained workforce

Trained staff will be available to deal with your queries.

2 . TEACH AN ANIMAL [transitive] to teach an animal to do something or to behave correctly:

a well-trained puppy

train something to do something

These dogs are trained to detect drugs.

3 . PREPARE FOR SPORT [intransitive and transitive] to prepare for a sports event or tell someone how to prepare for it, especially by exercising ⇨ training

train for

Brenda spends two hours a day training for the marathon.

4 . AIM SOMETHING [transitive] to aim something such as a gun or camera at someone or something

train something on/at somebody/something

She trained her binoculars on the bird.

5 . DEVELOP SOMETHING [transitive] to develop and improve a natural ability or quality:

You can train your mind to relax.

To the trained eye the difference between these flowers is obvious (=the difference is clear to someone who has developed skills to notice something) .

6 . PLANT [transitive] to make a plant grow in a particular direction by bending, cutting, or tying it

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.