Meaning of TRAIN in English

TRAIN

I. ˈtrān noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English trayne, treyne, from Middle French traine, from Old French, from traïr to betray, from Latin tradere to betray, deliver — more at traitor

1. obsolete

a. : a scheme to deceive or betray : artifice , trick

b. : guile , treachery , trickery

2. obsolete : a trap for an animal : snare

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English traynen, treynen, from trayne, treyne, n.

1. : to draw by artifice or stratagem : decoy , entice , lure

2. : attract , persuade , win

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English trayn, trayne, from Middle French train action of drawing, trail, train of a dress, procession of animals or vehicles, from Old French, from trainer to draw, drag — more at train IV

1.

a. : the extended part of a skirt, gown, or state robe that lies on the floor and trails behind the wearer

b. : an animal's tail ; especially : the trailing tail feathers of a peacock

c. : the moving length of something (as a serpent or a stream)

d. : the luminous trail or tail of a meteor or comet sometimes persisting in the sky for several seconds or minutes after the meteor or comet itself has passed

2.

a. : the retinue or suite of a person of rank or consequence : following

he is bringing a staff of 80 in his train — Sydney (Australia) Bulletin

b. : a line or file of persons and often vehicles or animals proceeding together

the little train of silent people carried her out … to the family burying ground — Margaret Deland

: caravan

a camel train

3.

a. : an organization of military vehicles, men, and sometimes animals that furnishes supply, maintenance, and evacuation services to a combat unit — compare field train

b. : the auxiliary ships assigned to supply and support a naval fleet or force

4.

a. : proper arrangement or disposition : order designed or contrived to lead to some result

was already in fair train to develop party out of faction — Learned Hand

the mathematics set in train by these two pledges will force a reduction of the total armed forces — New Statesman & Nation

b. : a controlled or directed procedure : method , process , way

things proceeded in this train for several days — T.L.Peacock

c. : a line, course, or sequence of thoughts, actions, or events : an orderly succession : a connected series

the train of years sped swiftly by — W.F.Brown b. 1903

his mind still upon his own train of thought — Agnes S. Turnbull

d. : a set or progression of consequent or attendant events or conditions : a series of results or accompanying circumstances : aftermath , sequel

in the train of peace came industry and all the arts of life — T.B.Macaulay

5.

a. : a line of black powder or other explosive laid to lead fire to a charge : fuse

b. : a line of carrion pieces laid as a lure for game

6. obsolete

a. : the path followed by a horse

b. : the kind of travel experienced by a horse

c. : manege , control

d. : a horse's gait

7. : a series of moving machine parts (as gears, links, cams, chain drives, or belt drives) for transmitting and modifying motion

the train of a watch connects the barrel with the escapement

gear train

the valve train of an automobile engine

8.

a. : a connected line of railroad cars with or without a locomotive ; also : an engine or motorcar with or without other engines or cars that displays markers

b. : an automotive tractor with one or more trailer units

the number of truck-and-trailer trains has multiplied six or seven times in recent years — R.L.Neuberger

9. : a long narrow geological deposit (as of gravel) ; especially : one composed of glaciofluvial sand and gravel extending down a valley far beyond the terminus of a glacier — called also valley train

10. : a succession of physical oscillations or disturbances

earthquake waves run in … trains — R.A.Daly

the vibrations of a tuning fork cause a train of sound waves to pass through the atmosphere

11.

a. : a series of connected pieces of chemical apparatus

b. : a series of vats or large bowls for scouring wool

12. : roll train

13. : a series of bombs dropped from an airplane one after another in close succession — sometimes used in the phrase in train

IV. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English traynen, from Middle French trainer, from (assumed) Vulgar Latin traginare; akin to Latin trahere to pull, draw, drag — more at draw

transitive verb

1.

a. : to draw along : drag , trail

when a whale is harpooned … he trains with him the bold little creature who, greatly daring, has flung the fatal weapon — Francis Hackett

b. : to draw out : protract

2. : to grow (a plant) in a manner designed to produce a desired form or effect usually by bending, tying, and pruning ; especially : to cause to grow symmetrically (as in an espalier or against a wall) by such means

training fruit trees as espaliers against a sheltering wall

3.

a. : to instruct or drill in habits of thought or action : shape or develop the character of by discipline or precept

train up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it — Prov 22:6 (Revised Standard Version)

b.

(1) : to teach or exercise (someone) in an art, profession, trade, or occupation : direct in attaining a skill : give instruction to

trained several generations of field and track athletes

trained him in the law

(2) : to cause (as judgment) to be disciplined : cultivate

perhaps we can train our taste — Virginia Woolf

: develop skill or habits in

trained his hand to a patternmaker's delicate touch

c. : to teach (an animal) to obey commands

4. : to aim or point at an object : bring to bear

kept the shotgun trained on him — F.B.Gipson

had trained his news camera on celebrities for 40 years

trained his spotlight on the creative artist — W.F.Kerr

5. : to adapt (a microorganism) to utilize a nutrient or to grow in an environment not normally suitable (as by continued exposure to such nutrient or environment)

intransitive verb

1. : drag , trail

her skirt trained on the ground

2.

a. : to undergo instruction, discipline, or drill

recruits were training in army camps all over the nation

trained in a nearby hospital for a nursing career

b. : to undertake an athlete's conditioning regimen of exercise, practice, and diet

many baseball teams train each spring in the South

3. : to move in company : associate — used with with

has always trained with the moderates

4. : to travel by rail : go by train

had planed, trained, and driven 1500 miles — Paul Gallico

Synonyms: see teach

V. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English trane, from Middle Dutch traen, trane fluid, drop, tear, train oil or Middle Low German trān; akin to Old Saxon trahni, plural, tears, Old High German trahan tear, zahar tear — more at tear

archaic : train oil

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.