Meaning of SENTENCE in English

SENTENCE

■ noun

1》 a set of words that is complete in itself, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command and typically containing a subject and predicate.

↘ Logic a series of signs or symbols expressing a proposition in an artificial or logical language.

2》 the punishment assigned to a defendant found guilty by a court.

■ verb declare the punishment decided for (an offender).

Origin

ME (also in the sense 'way of thinking, opinion'): via OFr. from L. sententia 'opinion'.

Concise Oxford English vocab.      Сжатый оксфордский словарь английского языка.