Meaning of SENTENCE in English
— sentencer , n.
/sen"tns/ , n. , v. , sentenced, sentencing .
1. Gram. a grammatical unit of one or more words, bearing minimal syntactic relation to the words that precede or follow it, often preceded and followed in speech by pauses, having one of a small number of characteristic intonation patterns, and typically expressing an independent statement, question, request, command, etc., as Summer is here. or Who is it? or Stop!
a. an authoritative decision; a judicial judgment or decree, esp. the judicial determination of the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted criminal.
b. the punishment itself.
3. Music. a period.
4. Archaic. a saying, apothegm, or maxim.
5. Obs. an opinion given on a particular question.
6. to pronounce sentence upon; condemn to punishment.
[ 1175-1225; (n.) ME sententia opinion, decision, equiv. to sent- (base of sentire to feel) + -entia -ENCE; (v.) ME: to pass judgment, decide judicially sentencier, deriv. of sentence ]
Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary. Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House . 2012