Meaning of SENTENCE in English



Pronunciation: ' sen-t ə n(t)s, -t ə nz

Function: noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin sententia feeling, opinion, from *sentent-, *sentens, irregular present participle of sentire to feel ― more at SENSE

Date: 14th century

1 obsolete : OPINION especially : a conclusion given on request or reached after deliberation

2 a : JUDGMENT 2A specifically : one formally pronounced by a court or judge in a criminal proceeding and specifying the punishment to be inflicted upon the convict b : the punishment so imposed <serve out a sentence >

3 archaic : MAXIM , SAW

4 a : a word, clause, or phrase or a group of clauses or phrases forming a syntactic unit which expresses an assertion, a question, a command, a wish, an exclamation, or the performance of an action, that in writing usually begins with a capital letter and concludes with appropriate end punctuation, and that in speaking is distinguished by characteristic patterns of stress, pitch, and pauses b : a mathematical or logical statement (as an equation or a proposition) in words or symbols


Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.