Meaning of SENTENCE in English
/ ˈsentəns; NAmE / noun , verb
[ C ] ( grammar ) a set of words expressing a statement, a question or an order, usually containing a subject and a verb. In written English sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop / period (.), a question mark (?) or an exclamation mark / exclamation point (!).
[ C , U ] the punishment given by a court :
a jail / prison sentence
a light / heavy sentence
to be under sentence of death
The judge passed sentence (= said what the punishment would be) .
The prisoner has served (= completed) his sentence and will be released tomorrow.
—see also death sentence , life sentence
[ often passive ] sentence sb (to sth) to say officially in court that sb is to receive a particular punishment :
[ vn ]
to be sentenced to death / life imprisonment / three years in prison
[also vn to inf ]
Middle English (in the senses way of thinking, opinion , court's declaration of punishment , and gist (of a piece of writing) ): via Old French from Latin sententia opinion, from sentire feel, be of the opinion.
Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary. Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне. 2005