Meaning of SENTENCE in English

SENTENCE

/ ˈsentəns; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

[ C ] ( grammar ) a set of words expressing a statement, a question or an order, usually containing a subject and a verb. In written English sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop / period (.), a question mark (?) or an exclamation mark / exclamation point (!).

2.

[ C , U ] the punishment given by a court :

a jail / prison sentence

a light / heavy sentence

to be under sentence of death

The judge passed sentence (= said what the punishment would be) .

The prisoner has served (= completed) his sentence and will be released tomorrow.

—see also death sentence , life sentence

■ verb

[ often passive ] sentence sb (to sth) to say officially in court that sb is to receive a particular punishment :

[ vn ]

to be sentenced to death / life imprisonment / three years in prison

[also vn to inf ]

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English (in the senses way of thinking, opinion , court's declaration of punishment , and gist (of a piece of writing) ): via Old French from Latin sententia opinion, from sentire feel, be of the opinion.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.