Meaning of SOIL in English

SOIL

~ 1

■ noun

1》 the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of organic remains, clay, and rock particles.

2》 the territory of a particular nation.

Derivatives

~-less adjective

Origin

ME: from Anglo-Norman Fr., perh. representing L. solium 'seat', by assoc. with solum 'ground'.

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~ 2

■ verb

1》 make dirty.

↘make dirty by defecating in or on.

2》 bring discredit to.

■ noun

1》 waste matter, especially sewage.

2》 archaic a stain.

Origin

ME (as v.): from OFr. ~ler , based on L. sucula , dimin. of sus 'pig'.

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~ 3

■ verb rare feed (cattle) on fresh-cut green fodder (originally for purging them).

Origin

C17: perh. from ~ 2 .

Concise Oxford English vocab.      Сжатый оксфордский словарь английского языка.