Meaning of SOIL in English

SOIL

I. ˈsȯi(-ə)l verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French soiller, suiller, from Old French soil wallow of a wild boar, abyss, from Latin solium chair, bathtub; akin to Latin sedēre to sit — more at sit

Date: 13th century

transitive verb

1. : to stain or defile morally : corrupt , pollute

2. : to make unclean especially superficially : dirty

3. : to blacken or taint (as a person's reputation) by word or deed

revelations that soil ed his name

intransitive verb

: to become soiled or dirty

II. noun

Date: 1501

1.

a. : soilage , stain

protect a dress from soil

b. : moral defilement : corruption

2. : something that spoils or pollutes: as

a. : refuse

b. : sewage

c. : dung , excrement

III. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, soil, piece of land, from Vulgar Latin * solium, alteration of Latin solea sole, sandal, foundation timber — more at sole

Date: 14th century

1. : firm land : earth

2.

a. : the upper layer of earth that may be dug or plowed and in which plants grow

b. : the superficial unconsolidated and usually weathered part of the mantle of a planet and especially of the earth

3. : country , land

our native soil

4. : the agricultural life or calling

5. : a medium in which something takes hold and develops

IV. transitive verb

Etymology: origin unknown

Date: 1605

: to feed (livestock) in the barn or an enclosure with fresh grass or green food ; also : to purge (livestock) by feeding on green food

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.