Meaning of SOIL in English

SOIL

n.

Function: noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, soil, piece of land, from Vulgar Latin *solium, alteration of Latin solea sole, sandal, foundation timber ― more at SOLE

Date: 14th century

1 : firm land : EARTH

2 a : the upper layer of earth that may be dug or plowed and in which plants grow b : the superficial unconsolidated and usually weathered part of the mantle of a planet and especially of the earth

3 : COUNTRY , LAND <our native soil >

4 : the agricultural life or calling

5 : a medium in which something takes hold and develops

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.