Meaning of SOIL in English

SOIL

n.

Pronunciation: ' so ̇ i(- ə )l

Function: verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French soiller, suiller, from Old French soil wallow of a wild boar, abyss, from Latin solium chair, bathtub; akin to Latin sed ē re to sit ― more at SIT

Date: 13th century

transitive verb

1 : to stain or defile morally : CORRUPT , POLLUTE

2 : to make unclean especially superficially : DIRTY

3 : to blacken or taint (as a person's reputation) by word or deed <revelations that soil ed his name>

intransitive verb : to become soiled or dirty

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.