Meaning of SOIL in English

SOIL

soil 1

— soilless , adj.

/soyl/ , n.

1. the portion of the earth's surface consisting of disintegrated rock and humus.

2. a particular kind of earth: sandy soil.

3. the ground as producing vegetation or as cultivated for its crops: fertile soil.

4. a country, land, or region: an act committed on American soil.

5. the ground or earth: tilling the soil.

6. any place or condition providing the opportunity for growth or development: Some believe that poverty provides the soil for crime.

[ 1300-50; ME soile soyl solium seat, confused with solum ground ]

soil 2

/soyl/ , v.t.

1. to make unclean, dirty, or filthy, esp. on the surface: to soil one's clothes.

2. to smirch, smudge, or stain: The ink soiled his hands.

3. to sully or tarnish, as with disgrace; defile morally: to soil one's good name.

v.i.

4. to become soiled: White soils easily.

n.

5. the act or fact of soiling.

6. the state of being soiled.

7. a spot, mark, or stain.

8. dirty or foul matter; filth; sewage.

9. ordure; manure.

[ 1175-1225; ME soilen (v.) souiller, soillier to dirty suculare, equiv. to su ( s ) pig + -cul ( us ) -CLE 1 + -are inf. ending ]

Syn. 3. blacken, taint, debase.

soil 3

/soyl/ , v.t.

to feed (confined cattle, horses, etc.) freshly cut green fodder for roughage.

[ 1595-1605; orig. uncert. ]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .