Meaning of VERTICAL in English

VERTICAL

■ adjective

1》 at right angles to a horizontal plane; having the top directly above the bottom.

2》 involving or passing through all the different levels of a hierarchy or progression.

3》 Anatomy relating to the crown of the head.

4》 archaic at the zenith or the highest point.

■ noun

1》 a ~ line or plane.

2》 an upright structure.

Derivatives

~ity noun

~ize or ~ise verb

~ly adverb

Origin

C16 (in the sense 'directly overhead'): from Fr., or from late L. ~is , from vertex (see vertex ).

Concise Oxford English vocab.      Сжатый оксфордский словарь английского языка.