Meaning of VERTICAL in English


adj. & n.


1. at right angles to a horizontal plane, perpendicular.

2 in a direction from top to bottom of a picture etc.

3 of or at the vertex or highest point.

4 at, or passing through, the zenith.

5 Anat. of or relating to the crown of the head.

6 involving all the levels in an organizational hierarchy or stages in the production of a class of goods (vertical integration).

--n. a vertical line or plane.

Phrases and idioms:

out of the vertical not vertical. vertical angles Math. each pair of opposite angles made by two intersecting lines. vertical fin Zool. a dorsal, anal, or caudal fin. vertical plane a plane at right angles to the horizontal. vertical take-off the take-off of an aircraft directly upwards.


verticality n. verticalize (also -ise). vertically adv.

Etymology: F vertical or LL verticalis (as VERTEX)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.