Meaning of FALL in English


1. when someone accidentally falls from a standing position

2. to almost fall from a standing position

3. when an upright object, a building, a wall, etc falls

4. to fall through the air to the ground

5. to fall off a horse, bicycle etc

6. to deliberately make someone fall

7. to let something fall or make something fall


see also






1. when someone accidentally falls from a standing position

▷ fall /fɔːl/ [intransitive verb]

to accidentally fall from a standing position :

▪ She was going up the stairs when she fell.

▪ George held on tightly, afraid that he might fall.

fall down the stairs/steps etc

▪ There was concern for the Queen Mother yesterday after she fell down a short flight of steps at the airport.

▷ fall over/down /ˌfɔːl ˈəʊvəʳ, ˈdaʊn/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

to fall onto the ground from a standing position :

▪ Ben fell down and scraped his knee.

▪ Beginning skiers can expect to fall down a lot.

▪ The pavement was slippery and it was easy to fall over.

▷ have a fall /ˌhæv ə ˈfɔːl/ [verb phrase not in progressive] British

if someone, especially an old person, has a fall, they fall and hurt themselves :

▪ My neighbour has had a fall and broken a rib.

▪ Grandma had a bad fall in the snow that winter.

▷ tumble /ˈtʌmb ə l/ [intransitive verb]

to fall quickly down a slope or down stairs, rolling over and over and unable to stop :

tumble down/off/into etc

▪ She tumbled down the stairs and landed in a heap at the bottom.

▪ A bus veered off the road and tumbled down the hill into the river below.

▷ fall flat on your face /fɔːl ˌflæt ɒn jɔːʳ ˈfeɪs/ [verb phrase]

to fall over suddenly so that you are lying on your front on the ground, especially in a way that makes you look funny :

▪ She fell flat on her face getting out of the car.

▪ The last time I wore high-heeled shoes I fell flat on my face outside a restaurant.

▷ collapse /kəˈlæps/ [intransitive verb]

to fall suddenly and heavily onto the ground, into a chair etc, because of tiredness, illness, or injury :

▪ One of the horses collapsed from exhaustion after the race.

collapse on

▪ Cohen was hospitalized after he collapsed on the floor and briefly lost consciousness.

collapse into

▪ Milligan collapsed into a chair, sighing deeply.

collapse [singular noun]

▪ After Stephen’s sudden collapse during the meeting, he was rushed to the hospital.

▷ keel over /ˌkiːl ˈəʊvəʳ/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

to suddenly fall to the ground, because you are ill or have had a shock :

▪ She’d been complaining of a headache all morning, and suddenly she just keeled over.

▪ Carson keeled over and died in front of the nightclub after taking a number of illegal drugs.

▷ go head over heels /gəʊ ˌhed əʊvəʳ ˈhiːlz/ [verb phrase]

to fall forward with so much force that you roll over :

▪ She slipped on the polished floor and went head over heels.

▪ Shelly’s horse stepped into soft sand and went down, horse and rider going head over heels in a cloud of dust.

2. to almost fall from a standing position

▷ trip also trip over British /trɪp, ˌtrɪp ˈəʊvəʳ/ [intransitive verb]

to accidentally hit something with your foot when you are walking or running, so that you fall or nearly fall :

▪ I didn’t push him - he tripped.

▪ She’d had quite a lot to drink and kept tripping over.

trip over

▪ Pick up that box -- someone might trip over it.

trip on

▪ Her medical problems began when she tripped on a rug and broke her hip.

trip and fall

▪ One boy tripped and fell into the water.

▷ slip /slɪp/ [intransitive verb]

to accidentally slide on a wet or smooth surface, so that you fall or nearly fall :

▪ Be careful you don’t slip - the floor’s wet.

slip on

▪ She slipped on the icy sidewalk and grabbed Will’s arm to steady herself.

slip and fall

▪ I walked slowly through the mud, trying not to slip and fall.

▷ stumble /ˈstʌmb ə l/ [intransitive verb]

to nearly fall down when you are walking or running, because you do not put your foot down carefully or because something is in the way :

▪ In her hurry, Eva stumbled and dropped the tray she was carrying.

stumble on/over

▪ Mason headed towards the house, stumbling on the rough ground.

▷ lose your balance /ˌluːz jɔːʳ ˈbæləns/ [verb phrase]

to fall or nearly fall, when you need to balance carefully to remain in an upright position, for example when you are standing on a ladder or riding a bicycle :

▪ I tried to help Gina up, but I lost my balance and we both fell into the stream.

▪ Bill was leaning over to watch, and lost his balance.

▷ lose your footing /ˌluːz jɔːʳ ˈfʊtɪŋ/ [verb phrase]

to lose your balance because your foot slips, especially when you are walking or climbing over an uneven or slippery surface :

▪ I lost my footing on the snowy bank and fell into the river.

▪ A climber who lost his footing was taken to hospital with serious injuries.

3. when an upright object, a building, a wall, etc falls

▷ fall /fɔːl/ [intransitive verb]

▪ She was playing just yards from where the building fell.

fall across/onto/on top of

▪ A tree had fallen across the road and blocked it.

fall off/out of/from

▪ The days were getting shorter and the leaves had started falling from the trees

▪ I can’t find my passport - it must have fallen out of my pocket.

fallen [adjective only before noun]

▪ Fallen trees blocked the railway tracks.

▷ fall over /ˌfɔːl ˈəʊvəʳ/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a tall object falls over, it falls onto its side from an upright position :

▪ That bookcase looks as if it’s about to fall over.

▪ There was no wind; the tree just fell over.

▷ fall down /ˌfɔːl ˈdaʊn/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a building, wall, or fence falls down, part or all of it falls to the ground, because it is in bad condition or because it has been damaged :

▪ A boy was injured yesterday when part of a wall fell down near to where he was playing.

▪ A large tree fell down during a windstorm and damaged our car.

▷ collapse /kəˈlæps/ [intransitive verb]

if a building, wall etc collapses, it suddenly falls down, especially because of a sudden pressure :

▪ Our tent collapsed in the middle of the night.

▪ The building was badly damaged in the explosion, and rescue workers are worried that it may collapse.

▪ Minutes later the second tower collapsed.

▷ fall in /ˌfɔːl ˈɪn/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a roof falls in, it falls to the ground inside the building :

▪ During the hurricane the roof fell in.

fall in on

▪ We need to fix the ceiling before it falls in on us.

▷ cave in /ˌkeɪv ˈɪn/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if a roof, wall etc caves in, it suddenly and heavily falls inwards especially because it is weak and in bad condition :

▪ The roof has caved in, so the whole building has been declared unsafe.

cave in on

▪ Wooden beams support the roof, preventing it from caving in on the miners.

▷ topple over /ˌtɒp ə l ˈəʊvəʳǁˌtɑː-/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if something topples over, it moves unsteadily backwards and forwards then falls to the ground :

▪ The little boy put one more brick on the tower and it toppled over.

▪ That plant’s going to topple over if you don’t put it in a bigger pot.

▷ tip over /ˌtɪp ˈəʊvəʳ/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

to suddenly turn and fall to the ground as a result of not being properly balanced :

▪ I sat on the edge of the table, and the whole thing tipped over.

▪ The fire started when a lamp tipped over and ignited a cloth sofa.

4. to fall through the air to the ground

▷ fall /fɔːl/ [intransitive verb]

▪ One of the climbers fell fifty feet.

▪ A light rain was falling.

fall out/into/from etc

▪ She opened the cupboard and everything fell out.

▪ There should be spaces between the boards of the deck to allow debris to fall through.

▪ Fred fell out of the tree and broke his arm.

▪ The girl had fallen from a fourth-floor window, but was not badly hurt.

fall on

▪ Careful that box doesn’t fall on you, Charlotte!

▷ fall off /ˌfɔːl ˈɒf/ [intransitive/transitive phrasal verb]

to accidentally fall from something in a high position to the ground :

▪ Jim was laughing so hard he fell off his chair.

▪ A bag of groceries fell off the table onto the floor.

▷ plunge /plʌndʒ/ [intransitive verb]

to suddenly fall a long way from somewhere high up :

▪ The aeroplane’s engines failed and it plunged into the ocean.

plunge off/down/into etc

▪ Their car swerved to avoid a truck, and plunged off the cliff.

plunge to your death

fall a long way and be killed

▪ A skydiver plunged to his death yesterday when his parachute failed to open.

▷ plummet /ˈplʌmɪt, ˈplʌmət/ [intransitive verb]

to fall from somewhere high up, very quickly and very directly :

▪ The rope snapped, causing the climber to plummet several hundred feet down the mountain.

▪ Two aircraft on a training flight collided and plummeted to the ground.

▷ drop /drɒpǁdrɑːp/ [intransitive verb]

to fall suddenly from a high place straight down onto or towards the ground :

drop onto/to/from etc

▪ Two bottles rolled across the table, dropped onto the floor, and smashed.

▪ A few pine cones had already dropped to the ground.

▷ tumble /ˈtʌmb ə l/ [intransitive verb]

to fall quickly through the air, rolling over and over :

tumble down/off/from etc

▪ A little girl tumbled about 30 feet from the window of her family’s third-floor apartment.

▷ come down /ˌkʌm ˈdaʊn/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

if rain, snow etc comes down, it falls heavily :

▪ We can’t go out now -- the rain’s really coming down.

▪ Snow was coming down so thickly I could barely see through the window.

5. to fall off a horse, bicycle etc

▷ fall off /ˌfɔːl ˈɒf/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to accidentally fall from something you are riding on, for example a horse or a bicycle :

▪ He fell off his bike and broke his wrist.

▪ A bolt broke on an amusement park ride, and several children who fell off were seriously injured.

▷ be thrown /biː ˈθrəʊn/ [verb phrase]

to fall off a horse or similar animal because of a violent or sudden movement :

▪ Rodeo riders can suffer appalling injuries after being thrown by bulls and steers.

be thrown from

▪ He broke his neck when he was thrown from a horse.

6. to deliberately make someone fall

▷ knock somebody over/knock somebody down /ˌnɒk somebody ˈəʊvəʳ, ˌnɒk somebody ˈdaʊnǁˌnɑːk-/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to push or hit someone hard, so that they fall to the ground :

knock somebody over/down

▪ Careful where you’re going! You nearly knocked me over!

▪ In the rush to get out of the building, she was knocked down.

knock down/over somebody

▪ Some of the bigger boys purposely knock over the smaller ones.

▷ trip also trip up /trɪp, ˌtrɪp ˈʌp/ British /trɪp, ˌtrɪp ˌʌp/ []

to make someone fall or almost fall by putting your foot or another object in their way :

▪ One of the runners claimed she had been tripped.

trip somebody up

▪ One man tripped me up and the other one grabbed my handbag.

▷ push somebody over /ˌpʊʃ somebody ˈəʊvəʳ/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to deliberately push someone with your hand so that they fall to the ground :

▪ Another little kid came and pushed him over onto the grass.

▷ knock somebody to the ground /ˌnɒk somebody tə ðə ˈgraʊnd ǁ ˌnɑːk-/ [verb phrase]

to hit someone so hard that they lose their balance and fall to the ground :

▪ A teenage boy knocked him to the ground and ran off with his briefcase.

7. to let something fall or make something fall

▷ drop /drɒpǁdrɑːp/ [transitive verb]

to stop holding something so that it falls, especially accidentally :

▪ Watch you don’t drop that box - it’s very heavy.

▪ Her hands shake constantly and she keeps dropping things.

▪ You dropped your toy. Do you want it back?

drop something on/onto something

▪ Margaret dropped the letters onto her desk.

▷ knock over /ˌnɒk ˈəʊvəʳǁˌnɑːk-/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to hit something so that it falls onto its side from an upright position, especially when you do this accidentally :

knock something over

▪ Be careful or you’ll knock the vase over.

knock over something

▪ He bumped into the table and knocked over the candle.

▷ spill /spɪl/ [transitive verb]

to accidentally let liquid, powder, or small pieces of something fall onto a surface and spread out over it :

▪ Oops, I just spilled my water.

spill something down/all over/onto something

▪ ‘How was the party?’ ‘OK, but some idiot spilled wine all over my new dress.’

▪ Aaron spilled all the popcorn on the floor.

▷ tip over /ˌtɪp ˈəʊvəʳ/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to make something fall over, usually accidentally, by making it lose balance :

tip something over

▪ The cat managed to tip the Christmas tree over.

tip over something

▪ He accidentally tipped over a candle, and the tablecloth caught fire.

▷ overturn /ˌəʊvəʳˈtɜːʳn/ [transitive verb]

to make something fall on its side or turn something over completely, especially by pushing it very hard :

▪ The wind was so strong that it overturned dustbins and wrecked fences.

▪ Protestors overturned cars and set fire to them.

▷ upset /ʌpˈset/ [transitive verb]

to accidentally knock or push something over, so that its contents fall out and spread over a wide area :

▪ One of the kids upset a bottle of water on the table.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .