Meaning of JOB in English



1. a job

2. a job in a company or organization

3. relating to a job

4. to have a job

5. to not have a job

6. a job that is available

7. to give someone a job

8. to move to a more important job

9. doing something for a job, rather than for enjoyment

10. a job that you have in addition to your main job


leave your job : ↑ LEAVE

not accept someone for a job : ↑ REJECT (6)

when someone does someone else’s job : ↑ REPLACE (1-4)

you are responsible for something as part of your job : ↑ RESPONSIBLE

see also








1. a job

▷ job /dʒɒbǁdʒɑːb/ [countable noun]

the work that you do regularly in order to earn money, especially when you work for an employer :

▪ My first job was in a record store.

▪ Daniel starts his new job on Monday.

▪ She has a well-paid job in the tax department.

get a job

▪ Ted got a job as a bartender.

find a job

get a job after trying to get a lot of different jobs

▪ Her son still hasn’t been able to find a job.

look for a job

try to get one

▪ She’s looking for a job in the music business.

hold a job

have a job

▪ If a woman is qualified, she should hold any job in government she wants.

part-time job

when you work less than the usual number of hours each week

▪ I had a part-time job while I was in college.

job losses/job cuts

when a lot of people lose their jobs

▪ The company announced 74,000 job cuts and 21 factory closures.

▷ work /wɜːʳk/ [uncountable noun]

work that someone does regularly to earn money, either by working for an employer or working for themselves :

▪ My father started work when he was 14.

▪ Most people stop work when they are 65.

▪ I usually start work each day around 9 am and finish about 6 pm.

▪ The work’s really interesting but the pay’s lousy.

look for work

to try to get work

▪ Lena graduated from college six months ago and she’s still looking for work.

find work

to get work

▪ He eventually found work as a labourer on a construction site.

return to work/go back to work

to start work again after several weeks, months, or years

▪ Women often return to work after they have had children.

▪ His injuries have made it impossible for him to go back to work.

at work

at the place where you work

▪ Her mother tried to call her at home and then at work.

to work

to the place where you work

▪ Alexander commutes 30 miles to work each day.

after/before work

before you start or after you finish your work each day

▪ They sometimes play tennis after work.

▷ profession /prəˈfeʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

work such as law, medicine, or teaching, for which you need special training and education :

▪ Many teachers are thinking about leaving the profession for more highly paid careers.

the teaching/medical/legal etc profession

▪ There are now a lot more women in the legal profession.

go into/enter a profession

▪ There was a big demand for accountants in the 1980s, and many graduates entered the profession at this time.

▷ occupation /ˌɒkjɑˈpeɪʃ ə nǁˌɑːk-/ [countable noun]

the type of work that someone usually does - used especially on official forms :

▪ Please write your name, address, and occupation in the spaces below.

▪ Part-time workers often work in low-paid occupations.

▷ business /ˈbɪznɪs, ˈbɪznəs/ [countable/uncountable noun]

the general type of work that you do, such as buying and selling a particular type of thing :

▪ In our business the first rule is that the customer is always right.

▪ ‘What type of business are you in?’ ‘I run a catering company.’

the newspaper/used-car/movie etc business

▪ The used-car business has a pretty bad reputation.

▷ what somebody does /ˌwɒt somebody ˈdʌz/ spoken

use this to ask what someone’s job is :

▪ What does your husband do?

▪ She used to work for an accounting firm, but I’m not sure what she does now.

▷ trade /treɪd/ [countable noun]

a skilled job in which you use your hands to do things, such as building houses, making furniture, or repairing cars :

▪ Most of the men had worked in skilled trades such as carpentry or printing.

▪ Young men and women can learn a trade in the military.

be a bricklayer/carpenter etc by trade

▪ His father had been a bricklayer by trade.

▷ career /kəˈrɪəʳ/ [countable noun]

the type of work that you do for most of your working life, which involves several similar jobs over a long period of time :

▪ Like his father, Tommy chose a career in the Army.

▪ Later on in his career he became first secretary at the British Embassy in Washington.

▪ The scandal destroyed his career as a politician.

career in

▪ I wanted to find out more about careers in publishing.

▷ vocation /vəʊˈkeɪʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a job such as being a nurse, priest, or teacher that you do because you have a strong feeling that you want to do it, especially because you want to help people :

▪ Nursing is hard work and often low paid, but for many people it is a vocation.

▪ He was quite young when he decided he had a religious vocation.

▷ livelihood /ˈlaɪvlihʊd/ [countable noun]

the work that you do in order to earn enough money to live on or the thing that provides the work for you to do :

▪ Most of the people here depend on tourism for their livelihood.

▪ Fishermen are angry about the new EC fishing regulations because they feel that their livelihood is being threatened.

▷ line of work/business /ˌlaɪn əv ˈwɜːʳk, ˈbɪznə̇s/ [noun phrase]

the type of work or job that you do :

▪ I meet some interesting people in my line of work.

▪ Henson had to leave real-estate, which had been his line of business since 1969.

▷ employment /ɪmˈplɔɪmənt/ [uncountable noun]

when people work or have jobs - used especially in official documents, news reports etc :

▪ I have not yet signed a contract of employment.

▪ A Japanese company plans to set up a factory in the area, so this should provide some employment for local people.

be in employment

have a job

▪ Are you in full-time employment, Mr Edwards?

2. a job in a company or organization

▷ post /pəʊst/ [countable noun]

an important job in a company or organization, especially in an organization that moves its workers to different jobs :

post of

▪ She has been offered the post of director of UNICEF.

take up a post

start doing a particular job

▪ When he took up his present post at the BBC he was only 23.

teaching/government/director’s etc post

▪ Environmentalists supported Murphy as the best candidate for the director’s post.

▷ position /pəˈzɪʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a job at a particular level in a company or organization :

position of

▪ We have decided to offer you the position of sales assistant starting next Monday.

hold a position

have a particular job

▪ What position did you hold at your previous company?

fill a position

to give someone a particular job

▪ Always look for the best person to fill any position, regardless of age, race, or gender.

▷ capacity /kəˈpæsɪti, kəˈpæsəti/ [singular noun] formal

if someone does something in a particular capacity, they do it because they have a particular job and it is part of that job :

in somebody’s capacity as something

▪ I’m here in my capacity as Union Representative.

▪ In her capacity as war correspondent for ABC News, she has traveled all over the world.

in an advisory legal/financial etc capacity

▪ He works for this firm in a legal capacity, giving advice on international law.

3. relating to a job

▷ job /dʒɒbǁdʒɑːb/ [adjective only before noun]

▪ The salary’s not very good, but there’s a lot of job satisfaction.

▪ It says in the job description that we’re only supposed to work 35 hours a week.

▪ The bad thing about working at holiday resorts is that there’s no job security.

▷ professional /prəˈfeʃ ə nəl/ [adjective only before noun]

relating to a job such as teaching, medicine, or law, for which you need special training and have to pass special examinations :

▪ The RSA course in teaching is a recognized professional qualification.

▪ Lawyers have their own professional association, which operates a strict code of conduct.

▪ You are advised to seek professional legal advice if in any doubt about the contract details.

▷ occupational /ˌɒkjɑˈpeɪʃ ə nəl◂ǁˌɑːk-/ [adjective only before noun]

relating to the particular type of job that you do :

▪ Occupational injuries and even deaths are quite common in the coal mining industry.

▪ The survey studied the incidence of cancer among different occupational groups.

▷ vocational /vəʊˈkeɪʃ ə nəl/ [adjective usually before noun]

vocational training or schools teach you the skills to do a particular job :

▪ Not all the courses are purely vocational.

▪ The Job Corps is a vocational training program for low-income youths.

4. to have a job

▷ have a job /hæv ə ˈdʒɒbǁ-ˈdʒɑːb/ [verb phrase not in progressive]

▪ I’ve had a job since the day I left high school.

▪ George had a well-paid job in a computer firm.

have a steady job

one that seems certain to last

▪ If you have a decent salary and a steady job, you can usually get a loan.

▷ be employed /biː ɪmˈplɔɪd/ [verb phrase]

to have a job - used especially in official contexts or in writing :

▪ To qualify for the program, at least one parent must be employed.

be employed by

▪ Curtis was employed by a car rental agency.

be employed at

▪ A graduate of Stanford, she is employed at Jackson, Cole, Roberts & Green, a respected law firm.

▷ self-employed /ˌself ɪmˈplɔɪd◂/ [adjective]

someone who is self-employed works for a business that they own or gets paid for work by various companies or people, and is not directly employed by a single company or organization :

▪ He is a self-employed music teacher.

▪ I’ve been self-employed for over 10 years.

▷ hold (down) a job /ˌhəʊld (daʊn) ə ˈdʒɒbǁ-ˈdʒɑːb/ [verb phrase]

to have a job, especially one that is for a particular period of time, or when it is difficult to keep working :

▪ She was the first woman to hold the job of mayor.

▪ Even men who had always been able to hold down a job found themselves unemployed.

▷ be in work /biː ɪn ˈwɜːʳk/ [verb phrase] British

to have a job - use this when you are comparing someone who has a job with other people who do not have jobs :

▪ She was the only one in the family to be in work.

▪ It’s often difficult for people who are in work to appreciate the problems of the unemployed.

5. to not have a job

▷ not have a job/be without a job /nɒt hæv ə ˈdʒɒb, biː wɪðˌaʊt ə ˈdʒɒbǁ-ˈdʒɑːb/ [verb phrase not in progressive]

▪ I don’t have a job yet, but I’m going for an interview tomorrow.

▪ She’s been without a job now for three months.

▪ Many of the students who leave the course this summer won’t have a job to go to.

▷ be out of work /biː ˌaʊt əv ˈwɜːʳk/ [verb phrase]

to not have a job, especially for a long period of time :

▪ I’ve been out of work for two years.

▪ At the age of 33, he suddenly found himself out of work and without much hope of finding any.

be thrown out of work

to suddenly lose your job

▪ The company’s bankruptcy meant that 5,000 people were thrown out of work.

out-of-work [adjective phrase]

▪ She is an out-of-work actress.

▷ unemployed /ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪd◂/ [adjective]

an unemployed person does not have a job :

▪ Fifty per cent of the men in this town are unemployed.

unemployed teacher/clerk/factory worker etc

some one who usually works as a teacher etc

▪ The accused man is an unemployed labourer from South London.

the unemployed

people who are unemployed

▪ The government is not doing enough to help the unemployed.

unemployment [uncountable noun]

▪ There has been a sharp rise in unemployment.

▷ jobless /ˈdʒɒbləsǁˈdʒɑːb-/ [adjective]

people who are jobless do not have jobs - used especially in news reports :

▪ The factory closure will leave 3,000 workers jobless.

▪ Jobless youths are a major cause of concern.

the jobless

people who do not have jobs

▪ The bill would allow the jobless to collect 4 to 20 weeks of additional benefits.

▷ be on the dole British /be on welfare/on unemployment American /biː ɒn ðə ˈdəʊl, biː ɒn ˈwelfeəʳ, ɒn ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt/ [verb phrase]

to be receiving money from the government because you do not have a job :

▪ Many people on welfare don’t have anyone to take care of the kids while they train for a job.

▪ Just about everyone on the estate is one the dole. Jobs are scarce.

▪ He spent five months on unemployment before finding a job that paid much less than his previous job.

go on the dole/go on welfare

start getting money from the government because you do not have a job

▪ Students used to be allowed to go on the dole in the summer holidays, but the government has stopped that.

▪ Rivera lost his job, and the family had to go on welfare.

6. a job that is available

▷ vacancy /ˈveɪkənsi/ [countable noun]

a job that is available, and that someone could start doing immediately :

▪ There might be some vacancies at the hospital.

vacancy for

▪ A vacancy exists for an import/export sales manager at our Paris office.

fill a vacancy

find someone to do the job

▪ Skilled workers are few, and employers are having trouble filling vacancies.

▷ opening /ˈəʊp ə nɪŋ/ [countable noun]

a job that is available - used especially by managers or by people asking about jobs :

▪ Of the fourteen openings, only one went to a minority candidate.

opening for

▪ I was wondering if you had any openings for sales staff?

job openings

▪ The journal has been a good way to publicize job openings.

▷ opportunity /ˌɒpəˈtjuːnɪti, ˌɒpəˈtjuːnətiǁˌɑːpərˈtuː-/ [countable noun usually plural]

the chance to do a job that you want to do, which could lead to a good permanent job :

opportunity for

▪ There are several opportunities for experienced designers and researchers.

career opportunities

▪ Career opportunities for nurses have improved in the last 10 years.

7. to give someone a job

▷ give somebody a job /ˌgɪv somebody ə ˈdʒɒbǁ-ˈdʒɑːb/ [verb phrase]

▪ If I give you the job, how soon can you begin?

▪ After law school, he was given a job in the city’s legal department.

give sb a job as

▪ Goldman gave her a job as his assistant.

▷ employ also hire especially American /ɪmˈplɔɪ, haɪəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to give someone a job and pay them for the work they do for you :

▪ Since he came out of prison no one will employ him.

▪ The company has been accused of not hiring enough women.

employ as

▪ I was employed as a night-watchman by the local hospital.

▪ She was hired as marketing director for a biotechnology firm.

employment [uncountable noun]

▪ This letter outlines the terms and conditions of employment the conditions of your job .

▷ take on /ˌteɪk ˈɒn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

if a company takes on someone, it gives them a job - use this especially about a job that might not be permanent or when a lot of people are given jobs at the same time :

take on somebody

▪ We’re not taking on any more staff at the moment.

take somebody etc on

▪ Franklin needed an assistant, and he got funding from the department to take one on.

take somebody on as something

▪ The director took me on as a messenger while they were filming in my village.

▷ engage /ɪnˈgeɪdʒ/ [transitive verb] British formal

to give someone a job :

▪ The vet was increasingly busy and had to engage two new assistants.

engage somebody as something

▪ Paul was engaged as a junior clerk at a very low wage.

▷ appoint /əˈpɔɪnt/ [transitive verb]

to choose someone for a job, especially an important job :

▪ The French president has appointed a new Minister for Culture.

▪ The committee was appointed to make recommendations on housing development in the area.

appoint somebody as director/manager etc

▪ When he was governor, Brown appointed Rose Bird as chief justice of the California Supreme Court.

appoint somebody director/manager etc

▪ Schreiber was appointed director of human resources.

appoint somebody to a job/post/ position etc

▪ This is the first time that a woman has been appointed to the post.

appointment [countable noun]

▪ His appointment to the position of Senior Surgeon was unexpected.

▷ recruit /rɪˈkruːt/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to find new people to work for a company or organization such as the army :

▪ The police department is trying to recruit more black officers.

▪ It’s getting more and more difficult to recruit experienced staff.

recruit [countable noun]

someone who has been recruited :

▪ At many banks, young recruits first work as tellers.

▷ sign up also sign American /ˌsaɪn ˈʌp, saɪn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

if a football team, record company, film company etc signs up or signs someone, they agree to give them a job and make them sign an official contract :

▪ Allegre was signed by the New York Jets.

▪ Six episodes of the show have been taped, and the actors have been signed for six more.

sign up somebody

▪ England soccer star Paul Gascoigne was signed up by a top Italian club.

sign somebody up

▪ The band have just completed a highly successful US tour, and several record companies have offered to sign them up.

8. to move to a more important job

▷ promote /prəˈməʊt/ [transitive verb usually passive]

to give someone who works in an organization a more important job than the one they had before :

▪ The company promotes women and minorities whenever possible.

be promoted

▪ Did you hear that David’s been promoted?

promote somebody to something

▪ Shula was promoted to head coach of the Cincinnati Bengals in 1991.

▷ make somebody something /meɪk somebody something/ [verb phrase]

to move someone to another job, usually a better, more important one within the same organization :

▪ No-one thought they would make him manager so soon after joining the company.

▪ He’s been made Head of Security at the Chicago National Bank.

▷ promotion /prəˈməʊʃ ə n/ [countable/uncountable noun]

when someone is given a more important job in an organization :

▪ Civil service tests determine promotion in government jobs.

▪ What are my chances of promotion if I stay here?

get a promotion

▪ She got a promotion last year.

▷ advancement /ədˈvɑːnsməntǁədˈvæn-/ [uncountable noun] formal

when someone moves up to a better, more important job :

▪ Many people are forced to move from one city to another in search of better jobs or career advancement.

▷ move/go/climb up the ladder also work your way up the ladder /ˌmuːv, ˌgəʊ, ˌklaɪm ʌp ðə ˈlædəʳ, ˌwɜːʳk jɔːʳ weɪ ʌp ðə ˈlædəʳ/ [verb phrase]

to gradually become more and more successful, and get better, more important jobs :

▪ Feldman started working for the company at age 18, and slowly worked his way up the ladder.

▪ Education is vital to help these children to move up the career ladder.

▷ upgrade /ˌʌpˈgreɪd/ [transitive verb]

to move someone up in a job, especially by making the job they are already doing more important, and by paying them more for it :

▪ The women demanded that their work be upgraded.

upgrade somebody to something

▪ After the inspector’s visit all temporary workers were upgraded to permanent status.

9. doing something for a job, rather than for enjoyment

▷ for a living /fər ə ˈlɪvɪŋ/ [adverb]

if someone does something for a living, they do it as a job in order to get money to live - use this especially about something that other people do only for fun :

▪ She actually tastes wine for a living!

▪ No one in the show acts or sings for a living.

▷ professional also pro informal /prəˈfeʃ ə nəl, prəʊ/ [adjective]

a professional musician, tennis player, photographer etc is one who plays music etc as their job and earns money from it :

▪ Professional basketball players can earn huge sums of money.

turn professional

become a professional musician, player etc

▪ He was a keen amateur photographer for many years before he turned professional.

professional [countable noun]

▪ Most athletes these days are highly-trained professionals, who spend their whole time practising or competing.

10. a job that you have in addition to your main job

▷ sideline /ˈsaɪdlaɪn/ [countable noun usually singular]

a job that you do in addition to your main job, especially because it is something that you enjoy or are interested in :

▪ I sometimes take wedding photographs on Saturdays -- it’s a nice little sideline and it gives me a bit of extra cash.

as a sideline

▪ Tracy intended to run the seed business as a sideline, but it soon became her full-time job.

▷ on the side /ɒn ðə ˈsaɪd/ [adverb]

if you do a job on the side, you do it secretly or unofficially, in addition to your main job :

▪ It is difficult to estimate the number of people doing part-time jobs on the side.

▪ He sometimes does a bit of gardening on the side when he is short of money.

▷ moonlight /ˈmuːnlaɪt/ [intransitive verb]

to do another job, usually in the evenings or at night, in addition to your main job :

▪ Carlos is an auto mechanic who moonlights fixing the cars of friends.

▪ Sarton has been moonlighting for five years to supplement his income.

moonlight as

▪ Some police officers moonlight as security guards.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .