Meaning of JOB in English


I. ˈjäb noun

Etymology: perhaps from obsolete English job lump

Date: circa 1627


a. : a piece of work ; especially : a small miscellaneous piece of work undertaken on order at a stated rate

b. : the object or material on which work is being done

c. : something produced by or as if by work

do a better job next time

d. : an example of a usually specified type : item

a 14,000-square-foot job with…seven bedrooms — Rick Telander


a. : something done for private advantage

suspected the whole incident was a put-up job

b. : a criminal enterprise ; specifically : robbery

c. : a damaging or destructive bit of work

did a job on him



(1) : something that has to be done : task

(2) : an undertaking requiring unusual exertion

it was a real job to talk over that noise

b. : a specific duty, role, or function

c. : a regular remunerative position

d. chiefly British : state of affairs — usually used with bad or good

it was a good job you didn't hit the old man — E. L. Thomas

4. : plastic surgery for cosmetic purposes

a nose job

Synonyms: see task

- on the job

II. verb

( jobbed ; job·bing )

Date: 1694

intransitive verb

1. : to do odd or occasional pieces of work for hire

2. : to carry on public business for private gain

3. : to carry on the business of a middleman or wholesaler

transitive verb

1. : to buy and sell (as stock) for profit : speculate

2. : to hire or let by the job or for a period of service

3. : to get, deal with, or effect by jobbery

4. : to do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots : subcontract — often used with out

5. : to penalize or deprive unfairly

III. adjective

Date: 1710

1. British : that is for hire for a given service or period

2. : used in, engaged in, or done as job work

a job shop

3. : of or relating to a job or to employment

a guarantee of job security

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.