Meaning of LIFE in English

LIFE

INDEX:

1. the time when someone is alive

2. the kind of life that someone has

3. continuing for all of someone’s life

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ ALIVE

↑ LIVE

↑ EXIST

↑ DEAD

↑ DIE

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1. the time when someone is alive

▷ life /laɪf/ [countable noun]

the time when someone is alive :

the happiest/saddest/worst etc day of your life

▪ The day our daughter was born was the happiest day of my life.

the rest of somebody’s life

▪ Sutcliffe was sent to jail for the rest of his life.

spend your life

▪ Dad spent his life building up this business.

▪ How would you like to spend your life? What kind of work would you like to do?

for life

for the rest of your life

▪ The accident left him crippled for life.

somebody’s early life

when someone was young

▪ He knew very little about his mother’s early life in Africa.

somebody’s adult life

▪ The first half of my adult life was spent in jail.

in later life

when you are old

▪ Lack of calcium can lead to bone disease in later life.

▷ lifetime /ˈlaɪftaɪm/ [countable noun usually singular]

the time when someone is alive - use this when you are talking about how long someone lived and what happened in their life :

in/during somebody’s lifetime

▪ He suffered a lot of pain in his short lifetime.

▪ During Dickinson’s lifetime, only a few of her works were actually published.

lifetime of

▪ The National Medal of Arts award is meant to honor a lifetime of achievement.

last a lifetime

last as long as someone lives

▪ A good tool should last a lifetime.

once-in-a-lifetime chance/opportunity

a chance or opportunity that will only happen once in a person’s lifetime

▪ The visit to Tibet was a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.

▷ days /deɪz/ [plural noun]

someone’s life, especially a particular period of their life :

somebody’s student days/school days

▪ I asked Debbie about her student days and she just laughed. ‘I dropped out of school the day I turned 16,’ she said.

somebody’s younger days

▪ In her younger days, she was quite a fancy dresser.

somebody’s early days

the time when someone has just started something, especially a job

▪ The play is based on the early days of cabaret singer Rosie Kincaid.

the rest of your days

the rest of your life

▪ Evelyn spent the rest of her days quietly in the country until her death in 1963.

end your days

spend the last part of your life doing something

▪ She ended her days in poverty.

somebody’s days as/with something

a period of time in someone’s life when they were doing a particular job or activity

▪ Michael knew Annette during her days as an off-Broadway actress.

▪ I first became a fan of guitarist Cory Weldon during his days with the Leeds band, Sinister Minister.

▷ lifespan /ˈlaɪfspæn/ [singular noun]

the length of time that a person or animal usually lives :

normal/natural/average lifespan

▪ The natural lifespan of a pig is 10-12 years.

short/long lifespan

▪ Saltwater fish have a shorter lifespan in the aquarium.

somebody’s lifespan

▪ Authorities estimate that smoking trims between 12 and 15 years off a person’s lifespan.

▷ life expectancy /ˌlaɪf ɪkˈspektənsi/ [countable noun]

the length of time that a person or animal is expected to live :

▪ Women have a longer life expectancy than men.

low/high life expectancy

a short or long life

▪ Life expectancy was much lower then than it is now.

average life expectancy

▪ At the beginning of the century, the average life expectancy for Americans was less than 50 years.

have a life expectancy of 64/78 etc years

be expected to live until you are 64/78 etc

▪ British males now have a life expectancy of around 77 years.

▷ life cycle /ˈlaɪf ˌsaɪk ə l/ [countable noun]

all the different stages in development that an animal or plant has in the time that it is alive :

▪ Despite decades of study, the life cycle of the tiny shellfish, krill, is still something of a mystery.

2. the kind of life that someone has

▷ life /laɪf/ [countable noun]

the kind of life that someone has :

▪ Having a baby completely changes your life.

a happy/busy/exciting etc life

▪ Debbie has a really busy life, doesn’t she?

▪ They enjoyed a full and happy life together until his death in June l999.

lead a happy/quiet/exciting etc life

▪ We’ve led a very quiet life since Ralph retired.

quality of life

the level of health, comfort and pleasure in someone’s life

▪ By our actions today, we can improve the quality of life for future generations.

a better life

▪ Immigrating to the UK was their only chance for a better life.

a life of crime

when you make money by committing crimes instead of having a normal job

▪ He left school at 15, quickly turning to a life of crime.

▷ existence /ɪgˈzɪst ə ns/ [singular noun]

the life that someone has, especially when they have difficult or bad experiences :

a lonely/miserable/unhappy etc existence

▪ Elena faced a lonely existence in the big city.

lead a miserable/lonely etc existence

have a particular existence

▪ The workers lived a miserable existence and were treated like serfs.

▷ lifestyle /ˈlaɪfstaɪl/ [countable noun]

the way someone lives and behaves, and the type of things they buy, eat etc :

a healthy lifestyle

▪ You really need to think about leading a healthier lifestyle.

lavish/luxurious lifestyle

the lifestyle of someone who is very rich

▪ Hurst’s lavish lifestyle is the stuff of legend.

extravagant lifestyle

a lifestyle that shows people how rich you are

▪ Even when in debt, he continued to enjoy an extravagant lifestyle.

▷ way of life /ˌweɪ əv ˈlaɪf/ [noun phrase]

the way in which a person or group of people lives, and the type of things they usually do :

somebody’s way of life

▪ ‘How can we abandon our way of life?’ asked the old sheep herder. ‘It’s all we know.’

become a way of life

▪ Casual dress has become a way of life in corporate Britain.

the British/German/American etc way of life

▪ Shopping is an important part of the American way of life.

▷ live well/happily/carefully etc /ˌlɪv ˈwel/ [verb phrase]

to live your life in a particular way :

▪ Tom and Linda both earn good salaries -- they live well and have a nice home.

▪ One can live cheaply in London, although it’s not easy.

3. continuing for all of someone’s life

▷ all your life /ˌɔːl jɔːʳ ˈlaɪf/ [adverb]

for the whole of your life :

▪ I’ve known Jenny all my life.

▪ Despite having worked hard all his life, Jimmy had saved very little for retirement.

▷ for life /fəʳ ˈlaɪf/ [adverb]

if something is for life, it will continue and not change for the rest of your life :

▪ There’s no such thing as a job for life these days.

▪ As far as I’m concerned, when you get married it’s for life.

▷ lifelong /ˈlaɪflɒŋǁ-lɔːŋ/ [adjective only before noun]

continuing for all of your life - use this about beliefs, feelings, or relationships that last for the whole of your life :

lifelong supporter

▪ My father was a lifelong supporter of the Democrats.

lifelong ambition

something that you have always wanted to do

▪ It was her lifelong ambition to write a best-selling novel.

lifelong friends

friends for life

▪ The two remained lifelong friends.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .