Meaning of LIFE in English


I. ˈlīf noun

( plural lives ˈlīvz)

Etymology: Middle English lif, from Old English līf; akin to Old English libban to live — more at live

Date: before 12th century


a. : the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body

b. : a principle or force that is considered to underlie the distinctive quality of animate beings

c. : an organismic state characterized by capacity for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction


a. : the sequence of physical and mental experiences that make up the existence of an individual

b. : one or more aspects of the process of living

sex life of the frog

3. : biography 1

4. : spiritual existence transcending physical death


a. : the period from birth to death

b. : a specific phase of earthly existence

adult life

c. : the period from an event until death

a judge appointed for life

d. : a sentence of imprisonment for the remainder of a convict's life

6. : a way or manner of living

7. : livelihood

8. : a vital or living being ; specifically : person

many lives were lost in the disaster

9. : an animating and shaping force or principle

10. : spirit , animation

saw no life in her dancing

11. : the form or pattern of something existing in reality

painted from life

12. : the period of duration, usefulness, or popularity of something

the expected life of the batteries

13. : the period of existence (as of a subatomic particle) — compare half-life

14. : a property (as resilience or elasticity) of an inanimate substance or object resembling the animate quality of a living being

15. : living beings (as of a particular kind or environment)

forest life


a. : human activities

b. : animate activity and movement

stirrings of life

c. : the activities of a given sphere, area, or time

the political life of the country

17. : one providing interest and vigor

life of the party

18. : an opportunity for continued viability

gave the patient a new life

19. capitalized , Christian Science : god 1b

20. : something resembling animate life

a grant saved the project's life

II. adjective

Date: 13th century

1. : of or relating to animate being

2. : lifelong

a life member

3. : using a living model

a life class

4. : of, relating to, or provided by life insurance

a life policy

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.