Meaning of SIZE in English

SIZE

INDEX:

1. how big or small something is

2. the amount of something that something can contain

3. to be a particular size

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ BIG

↑ SMALL

↑ TALL

↑ HIGH

↑ WIDE

↑ NARROW

↑ MEASURE

↑ FIT/NOT FIT

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1. how big or small something is

▷ size /saɪz/ [countable/uncountable noun]

▪ What size is that shirt?

▪ Your desk is exactly the same size as mine.

the size of

▪ The price will depend on the size and quality of the carpet.

(be) the size of

the same size as something else

▪ Fire has destroyed an area of forest the size of Luxembourg.

(be) twice/half/three times etc the size of

twice as big, half as big etc as something else

▪ The seeds are very small, about half the size of a grain of salt.

of different/various sizes

▪ There were several pieces of wood of different sizes.

double/triple etc in size

▪ Cover the dough and allow it to rise until it has doubled in size.

grow/increase/shrink etc in size

▪ The black spots on her skin seemed to be slowly increasing in size.

vary/differ/range etc in size

▪ The American states vary enormously in size, from very large to very small.

(of) this/that size

as big as this one or that one

▪ In a class this size, there will always be a few problems.

▷ how big /haʊ ˈbɪg/ [adjective phrase]

use this to ask or talk about the size of something :

▪ How big is the table? Do you think it’ll fit in the trunk?

▪ How big is the Dead Sea?

▪ We need to know how big the rooms are.

▷ area /ˈe ə riə/ [countable/uncountable noun]

the amount of space that a flat surface such as a floor or field covers :

area of

▪ The boat’s sail had an area of more than 50 square yards.

▪ Calculate the area of the walls and ceiling before you buy the paint.

surface area

▪ The rate at which an ice cube melts depends on its surface area.

▷ dimensions /daɪˈmenʃ ə nz, də̇-/ [plural noun]

the height, width, and length of an object, building etc - use this especially to give exact measurements :

▪ The dimensions are printed on the side of the box.

dimensions of

▪ What are the dimensions of the dining-room table?

▷ extent /ɪkˈstent/ [uncountable noun]

the size of a large area :

▪ The extent of the Red Creek ranch is enormous.

in extent

▪ The principality measured about 16,500 kilometres in extent.

2. the amount of something that something can contain

▷ capacity /kəˈpæsɪti, kəˈpæsəti/ [singular noun]

the amount that a container will hold :

capacity of

▪ The capacity of the tank should be 500 gallons or more.

▪ The computer’s memory has a capacity of over 200 megabytes.

be filled to capacity

▪ All the storage units were filled to capacity.

▷ volume /ˈvɒljuːmǁˈvɑːljəm/ [uncountable noun]

the amount of space that a substance fills or an object contains :

volume of

▪ Help me figure out the volume of this fish tank.

▪ The shifting of continents has an impact on the volume of water the oceans can contain.

3. to be a particular size

▷ be 5 metres high/2 miles long/6 centimetres wide etc /biː ˌfaɪv miːtəʳz ˈhaɪ/ [verb phrase]

use this to say how high, how long etc something is :

▪ The river Nile is over 6,000 kilometres long.

▪ In some places the path is only a couple of feet wide.

▷ be 10 metres by 5 metres/be 10 inches by 8 inches etc /biː ˌten miːtəʳz baɪ ˈfaɪv miːtəʳz/

use this to say what the size of an area, object, or room is, for example, 10 metres by 5 metres means 10 metres long and 5 metres wide :

▪ The kitchen is 4 metres by 2 metres.

▪ The publicity photos are 8 by 10 inches.

▷ measure /ˈmeʒəʳ/ [verb not in progressive]

to be a particular size, length, or amount :

measure 10 metres/6 feet etc

▪ The tree in the backyard measures 30 feet in height.

▪ Put the soil into a sack measuring 50 centimetres across.

measure 10 m by 15 m/5 cm by 20 cm etc

▪ The foam seat pad measures 19 by 22 inches and is a quarter-inch thick.

▷ cover /ˈkʌvəʳ/ [transitive verb not in progressive]

if something such as a city or a forest covers a particular area, it is the same size as that area :

▪ The building is nine stories high and covers three city blocks.

▪ St Anne’s Wood isn’t very big - it only covers a few miles.

▷ extend over /ɪkˈstend əʊvəʳ/ [verb phrase]

if something such as a system or type of land extends over a large area, that is the size of the area in which it is used or exists :

▪ Rice fields extend over two-thirds of the area.

▪ The irrigation system extends over the whole country but is difficult to maintain.

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