Meaning of SIZE in English

SIZE

/ saɪz; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

HOW LARGE / SMALL

1.

[ U , C ] how large or small a person or thing is :

an area the size of (= the same size as) Wales

They complained about the size of their gas bill.

Dogs come in all shapes and sizes .

The facilities are excellent for a town that size.

The kitchen is a good size (= not small) .

It's similar in size to a tomato.

2.

[ U ] the large amount or extent of sth :

You should have seen the size of their house!

We were shocked at the size of his debts.

OF CLOTHES / SHOES / GOODS

3.

[ C ] one of a number of standard measurements in which clothes, shoes and other goods are made and sold :

The jacket was the wrong size.

It's not my size.

They didn't have the jacket in my size .

She's a size 12 in clothes.

The hats are made in three sizes: small, medium and large.

I need a bigger / smaller size.

What size do you take?

She takes (a) size 5 in shoes.

Do you have these shoes in (a) size 5?

Try this one for size (= to see if it is the correct size) .

The glass can be cut to size (= cut to the exact measurements) for you.

HELP NOTE : To ask about the size of something, you usually say

How big?

You use

What size?

to ask about something that is produced in fixed measurements.

-SIZED / -SIZE

4.

(in adjectives) having the size mentioned :

a medium-sized house

Cut it into bite-size pieces.

—see also king-size , man-sized , pint-sized , queen-size

STICKY SUBSTANCE

5.

[ U ] a sticky substance that is used for making material stiff or for preparing walls for wallpaper

IDIOMS

- cut sb down to size

- that's about the size of it

■ verb

[ vn ]

GIVE SIZE

1.

[ usually passive ] to mark the size of sth; to give a size to sth :

The screws are sized in millimetres.

CHANGE SIZE

2.

[ usually passive ] to change the size of sth :

The fonts can be sized according to what effect you want.

MAKE STICKY

3.

to cover sth with a sticky substance called size

PHRASAL VERBS

- size sb/sth up

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun senses 1 to 4 and verb Middle English (also in the sense assize, ordinance fixing a rate of payment ): from Old French sise , from assise ordinance, or a shortening of assize (see assizes ).

noun sense 5 Middle English : perhaps the same word as size in its other senses.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.