Meaning of SIZE in English

SIZE

I. size 1 S1 W1 /saɪz/ BrE AmE noun

[ Date: 1100-1200 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: assise 'sitting to make a legal judgment or a judgment on standard amounts' , from asseoir 'to seat' ]

1 . HOW BIG [uncountable and countable] how big or small something is:

He’s a small boy, about John’s size.

The Jensens’ house is about the same size as ours.

size of

The firm underestimated the size of the market for their new product.

I saw a spider the size of (=the same size as) my hand in the backyard.

He’s quite a big dog, but he’s still not full size yet.

in size

The apartment is roughly 360 square feet in size.

(of) that/this size (=as big as that or this)

In a class this size, there are bound to be a few troublemakers.

We can’t give loans of that size to just anyone.

in all/different/various (shapes and) sizes

These phones come in all shapes and sizes.

good/fair/nice size (=fairly big)

The breakfast room is a good size.

2 . VERY BIG [uncountable] used to say that something is very big

size of

I can’t believe the size of her car!

The sheer size of the classes makes learning difficult for students.

3 . CLOTHES/GOODS [countable] one of a set of standard measures according to which clothes and other goods are produced and sold:

These shoes are one size too big.

The shirts come in three sizes: small, medium, and large.

Do you have these pants in a size 12?

4 . large-sized/medium-sized/pocket-size etc of a particular size, or about the same size and shape as something:

a medium-sized car

a pocket-size mirror

good-sized/fair-sized/decent-sized (=big enough for a particular purpose)

5 . do something to size if you cut, make, or prepare something to size, you make it the right size for a particular use:

The materials will be provided, and everything is already cut to size.

6 . that’s about the size of it spoken used to agree that someone’s description of a situation is correct

7 . PASTE [uncountable] ( also sizing ) a thick sticky liquid used for giving stiffness and a shiny surface to cloth, paper etc, or used to prepare walls for ↑ wallpaper

⇨ cut somebody down to size at ↑ cut down (6), ⇨ try something on for size at ↑ try 1 (2)

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COLLOCATIONS

■ adjectives

▪ the same size

The water vole is about the same size as a rat.

▪ a different size

Six towns of different sizes were selected for the research.

▪ a good/fair/nice size (=fairly big)

The garden is a good size.

▪ the small size of something

One problem was the very small size of the department.

▪ the large size of something

They are very peaceful fish, despite their large size.

▪ the sheer size of something (=used to emphasize that something is large)

The sheer size of some dinosaurs is amazing.

▪ sth’s original size

The lake has already shrunk to half its original size.

▪ full size (=the largest size that something can have)

Is this violin full size?

■ phrases

▪ be twice the size of something

The creature was about twice the size of a small dog.

▪ be half the size of something

Kosovo is about half the size of Wales.

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THESAURUS

▪ size noun [uncountable and countable] how big someone or something is:

What size is that shirt?

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The price will depend on the size and quality of the carpet.

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Your desk is exactly the same size as mine.

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Fire has destroyed an area of forest the size of Luxembourg.

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The seeds are very small, about half the size of a grain of salt.

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There were several pieces of wood of different sizes.

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Cover the dough and allow it to rise until it has doubled in size.

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The black spots on her skin seemed to be slowly increasing in size.

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The American states vary enormously in size, from very large to very small.

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In a class this size, there will always be a few problems.

▪ dimensions noun [plural] the length, width, and height of an object, room, building etc:

What are the dimensions of the table?

▪ measurements noun [plural] the length, width, or height of something, or of someone’s body:

I need to check the measurements of the window.

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your waist measurement is 31 inches

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The nurse took my measurements.

▪ proportions noun [plural] the relative sizes of the different parts of an object, room, building etc:

The proportions don’t look right to me.

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You can sit in the Plaza and admire the proportions of the cathedral.

▪ area noun [uncountable and countable] the amount of space that a flat surface such as a floor or field covers:

To measure the area of a room, you need to multiply the length by the width.

▪ extent noun [uncountable] the size of a large area:

The extent of the ranch is enormous.

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The island measured about 1,600 kilometres in extent.

▪ bulk noun [uncountable] the very large size of something:

The statue’s massive bulk made it difficult to move.

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his enormous bulk

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The view was dominated by the huge bulk of the power station.

▪ capacity noun [singular] the amount that a container will hold:

The capacity of the tank is around 500 gallons.

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The computer’s memory has a capacity of over 200 megabytes.

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All the storage units were filled to capacity.

▪ volume noun [singular] the amount of space that a substance fills, or that an object contains:

The average domestic swimming pool has a volume of 45,000 litres.

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This instrument measures the volume of air in your lungs.

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Help me figure out the volume of this fish tank.

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The shifting of continents has an impact on the volume of water the oceans can contain.

II. size 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

1 . to sort things according to their size:

Shrimp are sized and selected for canning.

2 . [usually passive] to make something into a particular size or sizes:

Most costume patterns are sized for children.

3 . to put ↑ size 1 (7) on a wall before decorating

size somebody/something ↔ up phrasal verb

to look at or consider a person or situation and make a judgment about them SYN assess :

It only took a few seconds for her to size up the situation.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.