Meaning of SIZE in English
I. size 1 S1 W1 /saɪz/ BrE AmE noun
[ Date: 1100-1200 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: assise 'sitting to make a legal judgment or a judgment on standard amounts' , from asseoir 'to seat' ]
1 . HOW BIG [uncountable and countable] how big or small something is:
He’s a small boy, about John’s size.
The Jensens’ house is about the same size as ours.
The firm underestimated the size of the market for their new product.
I saw a spider the size of (=the same size as) my hand in the backyard.
He’s quite a big dog, but he’s still not full size yet.
The apartment is roughly 360 square feet in size.
(of) that/this size (=as big as that or this)
In a class this size, there are bound to be a few troublemakers.
We can’t give loans of that size to just anyone.
in all/different/various (shapes and) sizes
These phones come in all shapes and sizes.
good/fair/nice size (=fairly big)
The breakfast room is a good size.
2 . VERY BIG [uncountable] used to say that something is very big
I can’t believe the size of her car!
The sheer size of the classes makes learning difficult for students.
3 . CLOTHES/GOODS [countable] one of a set of standard measures according to which clothes and other goods are produced and sold:
These shoes are one size too big.
The shirts come in three sizes: small, medium, and large.
Do you have these pants in a size 12?
4 . large-sized/medium-sized/pocket-size etc of a particular size, or about the same size and shape as something:
a medium-sized car
a pocket-size mirror
good-sized/fair-sized/decent-sized (=big enough for a particular purpose)
5 . do something to size if you cut, make, or prepare something to size, you make it the right size for a particular use:
The materials will be provided, and everything is already cut to size.
6 . that’s about the size of it spoken used to agree that someone’s description of a situation is correct
7 . PASTE [uncountable] ( also sizing ) a thick sticky liquid used for giving stiffness and a shiny surface to cloth, paper etc, or used to prepare walls for ↑ wallpaper
⇨ cut somebody down to size at ↑ cut down (6), ⇨ try something on for size at ↑ try 1 (2)
• • •
▪ the same size
The water vole is about the same size as a rat.
▪ a different size
Six towns of different sizes were selected for the research.
▪ a good/fair/nice size (=fairly big)
The garden is a good size.
▪ the small size of something
One problem was the very small size of the department.
▪ the large size of something
They are very peaceful fish, despite their large size.
▪ the sheer size of something (=used to emphasize that something is large)
The sheer size of some dinosaurs is amazing.
▪ sth’s original size
The lake has already shrunk to half its original size.
▪ full size (=the largest size that something can have)
Is this violin full size?
▪ be twice the size of something
The creature was about twice the size of a small dog.
▪ be half the size of something
Kosovo is about half the size of Wales.
• • •
▪ size noun [uncountable and countable] how big someone or something is:
What size is that shirt?
The price will depend on the size and quality of the carpet.
Your desk is exactly the same size as mine.
Fire has destroyed an area of forest the size of Luxembourg.
The seeds are very small, about half the size of a grain of salt.
There were several pieces of wood of different sizes.
Cover the dough and allow it to rise until it has doubled in size.
The black spots on her skin seemed to be slowly increasing in size.
The American states vary enormously in size, from very large to very small.
In a class this size, there will always be a few problems.
▪ dimensions noun [plural] the length, width, and height of an object, room, building etc:
What are the dimensions of the table?
▪ measurements noun [plural] the length, width, or height of something, or of someone’s body:
I need to check the measurements of the window.
your waist measurement is 31 inches
The nurse took my measurements.
▪ proportions noun [plural] the relative sizes of the different parts of an object, room, building etc:
The proportions don’t look right to me.
You can sit in the Plaza and admire the proportions of the cathedral.
▪ area noun [uncountable and countable] the amount of space that a flat surface such as a floor or field covers:
To measure the area of a room, you need to multiply the length by the width.
▪ extent noun [uncountable] the size of a large area:
The extent of the ranch is enormous.
The island measured about 1,600 kilometres in extent.
▪ bulk noun [uncountable] the very large size of something:
The statue’s massive bulk made it difficult to move.
his enormous bulk
The view was dominated by the huge bulk of the power station.
▪ capacity noun [singular] the amount that a container will hold:
The capacity of the tank is around 500 gallons.
The computer’s memory has a capacity of over 200 megabytes.
All the storage units were filled to capacity.
▪ volume noun [singular] the amount of space that a substance fills, or that an object contains:
The average domestic swimming pool has a volume of 45,000 litres.
This instrument measures the volume of air in your lungs.
Help me figure out the volume of this fish tank.
The shifting of continents has an impact on the volume of water the oceans can contain.
II. size 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]
1 . to sort things according to their size:
Shrimp are sized and selected for canning.
2 . [usually passive] to make something into a particular size or sizes:
Most costume patterns are sized for children.
3 . to put ↑ size 1 (7) on a wall before decorating
size somebody/something ↔ up phrasal verb
to look at or consider a person or situation and make a judgment about them SYN assess :
It only took a few seconds for her to size up the situation.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012