Meaning of TYPE in English


1. a type of person or thing

2. a type of plant or animal

3. a type of product

4. to say that someone or something belongs to a particular type


to write something with a typewriter : ↑ WRITE


1. a type of person or thing

▷ type/kind/sort /taɪp, kaɪnd, sɔːʳt/ [countable noun]

a group of things or people that are similar to each other in some way, or a thing or person that belongs to such a group. Kind and sort are more common than type in spoken English. Use type when you are talking about technical subjects or when you are describing something in an exact way :

▪ I’ll get you some ice-cream. What kind would you like?

type/kind/sort of

▪ The floor was made of three different types of wood.

▪ What sort of fish is this?

▪ ‘What type of music do you like?’ ‘Mainly dance music and some indie.’

▪ She’s the kind of person you can always rely on.

▪ There are two sorts of politician - the ones who really want to help people, and the ones who just want power.

of this/that type etc

▪ Accidents of this type are extremely common.

▪ It’s a club for writers and actors and people of that sort.

of various/many/different types etc

▪ They export farming machinery and tools of various kinds.

▷ style /staɪl/ [countable noun]

a particular type of building, art, literature, music etc :

▪ The new library is a blend of various architectural styles.

style of

▪ a completely new style of painting

style [adjective/adverb]

western-style/Japanese style etc

▪ The room was simply furnished, Japanese-style.

▷ category /ˈkætɪg ə ri, ˈkætəg ə riǁ-gɔːri/ [countable noun]

a group that people or things of the same type are divided into for a particular purpose - use this when there are several groups and there is a clear system for deciding which group something belongs to :

▪ Emma Thompson won an Oscar in the Best Actress category.

▪ The novels are divided up into three categories: historical, romantic, and crime.

category of

▪ Insurance companies identify six main categories of driver.

▷ class /klɑːsǁklæs/ [countable noun]

a number of people or things that are considered as being of the same group because they have the same physical features, qualities etc :

class of

▪ French is one of a class of languages known as the Romance languages.

▪ Doctors are reluctant to prescribe a new class of drugs, especially ones which need to be taken for long periods of time.

▷ variety /vəˈraɪəti/ [countable noun]

a type of thing that is different from another similar type :

variety of

▪ The French make many varieties of cheese, from both cows’ and goats’ milk.

▪ At that time, all newsreaders spoke a variety of English spoken in southern England, known as Received Pronunciation.

▷ genre /ˈʒɒnrəǁˈʒɑːnrə/ [countable noun] formal

a type of literature, film, or work of art :

▪ Science fiction as a genre is relatively new.

▪ Italian filmmakers made their own versions of the classic Hollywood genres - the western, the gangster film, the musical.

▷ form /fɔːʳm/ [countable noun]

a form of something is one type of it of all the ones that are possible :

form of

▪ Melanoma is a form of skin cancer.

▪ Britain has a constitutional form of government.

▪ Sugar in chocolate and other forms of confectionery is one of the major causes of tooth decay.

▷ nature /ˈneɪtʃəʳ/ [singular noun]

a particular type of thing :

of a political/historical/technical/scientific/sexual nature

▪ The support being given is primarily of a practical nature.

▪ books of an erotic nature

of a different/similar nature

▪ On the plains the farmers have to deal with frequent floods, but up in the hills their problems are of a different nature.

of that nature

▪ Children at this age commonly refer to being eaten up by tigers and lions and things of that nature.

be in the nature of something

to be like something

▪ The cruise was to be in the nature of a ‘rest cure’.

▷ of that/his/their etc ilk /əv ˌðæt ˈɪlk/ [adjective phrase]

of that type, his type etc - use this especially about types that you do not like or respect :

▪ Environmentalists, feminists, and others of that ilk regularly try to drive shows like this off the air.

▪ Desserts ($5) were of the tiramisu, crème brûlée, chocolate torte ilk.

▷ like this/like that /laɪk ˈðɪs, laɪk ˈðæt/ [adjective phrase] especially spoken

of the type that you have just been talking about :

▪ The children need new pens and pencils and things like that.

▪ People like that really annoy me.

▪ I’m not sure what to do. I’ve never been in a situation like this before.

2. a type of plant or animal

▷ species /ˈspiːʃiːz/ [countable noun]

a group of animals or plants that are all similar and can breed together to produce young animals or plants of the same type :

species of

▪ There are over forty species of bird living on the island.

▪ Scientists have discovered a new species of Eucalyptus tree.

endangered species

one that might not exist for much longer

▪ The giant panda is an endangered species. There are fewer than a thousand living in the wild.

▷ breed /briːd/ [countable noun]

a type of animal, especially one that has been developed by man, such as a dog, cat, or a farm animal :

▪ Most dairy herds today are of Friesian or Holstein breeds.

breed of

▪ What breed of dog is that? I’ve never seen one like it before.

▪ It’s a very unusual breed of goat, dating back to the time of Cleopatra.

▷ variety /vəˈraɪəti/ [countable noun]

a type of plant or animal that is different from another similar type :

▪ South American growers use the best US seed varieties.

variety of

▪ This is a new variety of apple; we’re selling it for the first time.

▪ It may be possible to create varieties of fish that have resistance to common diseases.

▷ strain /streɪn/ [countable noun]

a type of plant, animal, bacteria etc that has one particular feature that makes it different from others of the same type - use this in scientific or technical contexts :

strain of

▪ A pure-bred strain of barley is required in the production of this whisky.

▪ A particularly hardy strain of the virus can make you ill for over a week.

3. a type of product

▷ brand /brænd/ [countable noun]

a type of product made by a particular company - use this about products that you use every day such as food or drink or cleaning materials :

▪ They sell all the usual kinds of coffee, but also some less well-known brands.

brand of

▪ Coke and Pepsi are the most popular brands of cola.

▪ my favourite brand of toothpaste

▷ make /meɪk/ [countable noun]

a type of product made by a particular company - use this about things such as machines, equipment, and cars, not about food or drink :

▪ What make is your washing machine?

make of

▪ ‘What make of car was she driving?’ ‘A Mercedes.’

▷ model /ˈmɒdlǁˈmɑːdl/ [countable noun]

one particular type of car or machine from among the various types that a company produces :

▪ ‘What make is the car?’ ‘It’s a Ford.’ ‘And what model?’ ‘An Escort 1.8L.’

▪ We produce a range of different computers, but this is our most popular model.

4. to say that someone or something belongs to a particular type

▷ categorize also categorise British /ˈkætɪgəraɪz, ˈkætəgəraɪz/ [transitive verb]

to decide that someone or something belongs to a particular group of people or things that have similar qualities :

categorize somebody/something as something

▪ Dali was categorized as a surrealist painter.

▪ Forecasts suggest that by the year 2010, only about 30 percent of U.S. households will be categorized as middle class.

▷ classify /ˈklæsɪfaɪ, ˈklæsəfaɪ/ [transitive verb]

to put things or people into particular groups, especially according to an official or scientific system :

classify somebody/something as something

▪ Carpentry and furniture making are usually classified as skilled trades.

classify somebody/something by/according to something

▪ Wines can be classified according to their sugar content - that is dry, medium or sweet.

▪ Eggs are classified by weight as Extra Large, Large, Medium, Small, and Peewee.

▷ stereotype /ˈsteriətaɪp/ [transitive verb]

to decide unfairly, that certain people have particular qualities, abilities, or needs, for example because they are of a particular sex, race, or social class :

▪ Teachers often stereotype kids who speak with strong regional accents.

stereotype somebody as something

▪ There is a tendency to stereotype childless women as being hard and career-orientated.

▷ pigeonhole /ˈpɪdʒɪnhəʊl, ˈpɪdʒənhəʊl/ [transitive verb]

to say that someone or something can be described as a particular type or group, in a way that is too simple and therefore unfair :

▪ You shouldn’t pigeonhole people according to your first impressions of them.

▪ When your band becomes successful, people immediately try to pigeonhole you, but we’re into all kinds of music - dance, rock, jazz, blues.

▷ under /ˈʌndəʳ/ [preposition]

if you include something under a particular category or heading, you decide that it belongs to that particular group of things :

classify/categorize/file/list something under something

▪ In our library, novels are classified under Crime, Romance, and General.

▪ The Association of British Travel Agents is listed under ‘Trade Associations and Professional Bodies’ in the Yellow Pages.

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