Meaning of TYPE in English


Pronunciation: ' t ī p

Function: noun

Usage: often attrib

Etymology: Middle English, from Late Latin typus, from Latin & Greek; Latin typus image, from Greek typos blow, impression, model, from typtein to strike, beat; akin to Sanskrit tupati he injures and probably to Latin stup ē re to be benumbed

Date: 15th century

1 a : a person or thing (as in the Old Testament) believed to foreshadow another (as in the New Testament) b : one having qualities of a higher category : MODEL c : a lower taxonomic category selected as a standard of reference for a higher category also : a specimen or series of specimens on which a taxonomic species or subspecies is actually based

2 : a distinctive mark or sign

3 a (1) : a rectangular block usually of metal bearing a relief character from which an inked print can be made (2) : a collection of such blocks <a font of type > (3) : alphanumeric characters for printing <the type for this book has been photoset> b : TYPEFACE <italic type > c : printed letters d : matter set in type

4 a : qualities common to a number of individuals that distinguish them as an identifiable class: as (1) : the morphological, physiological, or ecological characters by which relationship between organisms may be recognized (2) : the form common to all instances of a linguistic element b : a typical and often superior specimen c : a member of an indicated class or variety of people <the guests were mostly urban type s ― Lucy Cook> d : a particular kind, class, or group <oranges of the seedless type > <leaders of the new type ⋯ did England yeoman's service ― G. M. Trevelyan> e : something distinguishable as a variety : SORT <what type of food do you like?>

synonyms TYPE , KIND , SORT , NATURE , DESCRIPTION , CHARACTER mean a number of individuals thought of as a group because of a common quality or qualities. TYPE may suggest strong and clearly marked similarity throughout the items included so that each is typical of the group <one of three basic body types >. KIND may suggest natural grouping <a zoo seemingly having animals of every kind >. SORT often suggests some disparagement <the sort of newspaper dealing in sensational stories>. NATURE may imply inherent, essential resemblance rather than obvious or superficial likenesses <two problems of a similar nature >. DESCRIPTION implies a group marked by agreement in all details belonging to a type as described or defined <not all acts of that description are actually illegal>. CHARACTER implies a group marked by distinctive likenesses peculiar to the type <research on the subject so far has been of an elementary character >.

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.