Meaning of HALF in English

HALF

I. predeterminer

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a half moon (= looking like half a circle )

A half moon was up now, pale and cool.

a number halves (= becomes twice as small )

The number of children failing at school has halved in recent years.

at half mast (= halfway down the pole, in order to express public sadness at someone’s death )

The government ordered that all flags should be flown at half mast .

be half awake (= not fully awake )

Most of the people on the train were only half awake.

be half the fun (= be a very enjoyable part of doing something )

Planning a vacation is half the fun.

be half the size of sth

Kosovo is about half the size of Wales.

cut sth in half/two (= into two pieces )

Cut the tomatoes in half.

first half

fly half

fold...in half

It’ll fit in if you fold it in half .

given the chance/given half a chance (= if there is an opportunity to do something )

Goats will eat anything, given half a chance.

half a dozen

Chris, Helen, and half a dozen others went on holiday together.

half a mile

We walked about half a mile .

half afraid (= a little afraid )

Zoe was half afraid to go back in the house.

half an hour ( also a half hour ) (= thirty minutes )

I’ll meet you in half an hour.

half as much again (= the same in addition to half that amount )

The amount of crime is about half as much again as it was in 1973.

half board

half board accommodation

half cocked

half crown

half day

Friday is my half day off.

half dollar

half dressed (= not having finished putting your clothes on )

Don’t come in – I’m only half dressed!

half expect (= partly, but not completely )

He walked slowly towards the box, half expecting it to explode.

half measures

Half measures will not fix the health care system.

half moon

half naked

They found the body lying half naked in the grass.

half nelson

half note

half pay

In 1822 he retired from the army as captain on half pay.

half pipe

half price

Many shoes are at half price or less.

half step

half/partly right (= correct to some degree, but not completely )

That theory may still be partly right.

in two/halves/pieces etc

I tore the letter in two and threw the pieces in the fire.

slice sth in two/half

Slice the eggs in two and arrange them on a serving dish.

snap (sth) in two/in half (= break into two pieces )

The teacher snapped the chalk in two and gave me a piece.

split (sth) in two/half

The board had split in two.

Split the pineapple down the middle .

the bottom half

There’s were only two windows in the bottom half of the building.

the first/second half of the century

In the second half of the century, people's wages began to rise.

time and a half

We get time and a half for working on Sunday.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

be half the battle

Getting Jeff to listen to me is half the battle .

Just getting an interview is half the battle .

And as the Reidys said, finding a family-friendly company is half the battle .

Media mavens contend that the visual comparison of the two men side by side is half the battle .

Relishing the state is half the battle towards a good life, for everyone.

be too clever by half

Phil's good at thinking up excuses for his behaviour - he's too clever by half.

go halves (with sb)

go off half cocked

half asleep

Sorry, what did you say? I was half asleep .

Corporal L, the Royal Signals Operator, is half asleep in his chair.

He never lost his sense of humor, even when he was half asleep .

Inside, the Porter was half asleep behind a newspaper.

It was a hot day, and I think I must have been half asleep when I noticed something very strange.

Most of the time they were half asleep , chatting about the weather.

She stayed on top of him, half asleep still.

Sorcerer felt dazed and half asleep , still dreaming wild dawn dreams.

The old lady nodded, as if half asleep .

half measures

I suppose I was never contented with half measures .

Learn your trade fully, do the job properly - no half measures .

The only alternative to Lloyd George's lies were Asquith's half measures .

There's no half measures to playing this way.

half the time

About half the time , I went down with a buddy, half the time alone.

Alice was thinking: Jim's so big and strong, Philip isn't; together they'd need half the time .

AutoFix worked about half the time on both computers.

Drunk and maudlin half the time .

It's madness your having to live with them half the time .

Just not in touch with it half the time .

Poor thing, he could barely keep his eyes open half the time , and now he had this skin condition.

The new mainframe operating system I have personally approved is going haywire; the computer is down half the time .

half/full price

We got all the furniture for half price .

At full price the set demands as much.

First, he has devised a way of buying the ground at less than half price .

I can't feel that this music as presented here is an attractive proposition at full price .

If the guest took up the booking, the deposit was part payment of the full price .

Most men's and women's clothing half price .

On Sundays from 3 p. m. to 5 p. m., admission is half price .

They was rubbish, and they was full price .

Visalia bought a swimming pool at half price because its employees were unencumbered by line item budgets.

have half a mind to do sth

I have half a mind to make you take this right back.

it's six of one and half a dozen of the other

keep/have one eye/half an eye on sb/sth

sb sees the glass as half-empty/half-full

II. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

bottom

The bottom half of the building was towers, balconies and metal grilles, and the top half was very Hemish merchant.

Place each burger on the bottom half of focaccia.

Two large areas were marked in red, both in the bottom half of the map.

The bottom half is a counterpoint to the showy fecundity of the top.

He pushed the bottom half of the window upwards and swung one leg over the sill.

But now, in the bottom half , our animal brotherhood is forgotten.

Spread the bottom half with the cooled apple filling and cover with the top half of the cake.

Cleveland had runners at first and third with no one out in the bottom half of the inning.

eastern

The eastern half was a warehouse, a storey higher than the mill and built later, around 1890.

The most southerly of the three enclosures had also been subdivided, although little of its eastern half lay within the trench.

Through such Promethean effort, the eastern half of the continent was radically made over, for better or worse.

In both Norfolk and Suffolk the eastern and western halves of the county are noticeably different.

After her experience in Managua, Kegl wondered whether deaf people in the remote eastern half of the country had a language.

Carrillo controls the eastern half of the 2, 000-mile border, the Arellanos the western half.

low

Jamila was fast asleep with a sheet over her lower half .

Cybil was twisting Paw-paw so that the lower half of the body was doing the hula.

Plastic pins simply pushed in to secure the lower half of the handle to the body of the mower.

He sees a team that finished in the lower half of the National League in hitting, pitching and fielding.

The third type seem to be solid, and are largely confined to the lower half of the main cloud.

Here the monk was fumbling with the appalled geisha and tearing at the lower half of her kimono.

A big brown beard covered the lower half of his thin, pale, serious face.

Glover felt how the entire lower half of himself was beginning to go numb.

northern

Poor in the estuaries in the northern half of Morecambe Bay and not much prospect of improvement.

Many walkers, particularly Brits, prefer to start in the south, reaching the more spectacular northern half when acclimatised.

other

Don't take your other half for granted.

An hour later they used the same tactics to gain entry to the other half of the camp.

The other half of his ambition has never been in doubt.

I took the other half , inspecting it in a similar manner.

Half of the record aspired towards the cacophony of grinding rock and the other half was still emphasising their pop flair.

Half of her wants to be a fella, and the other half's a frustrated old maid.

The bank then served a bankruptcy petition on A for the other half .

Half your army wants to hang back and shoot, the other half wants to get stuck in as quickly as possible.

southern

The first section to be built was the southern half .

Within months, land prices in the southern half of the county tripled.

The United States has 37,000 troops based in the southern half of the divided peninsula.

top

Spread the bottom half with the cooled apple filling and cover with the top half of the cake.

In fact, the top half of the diagram is not very different.

We want to establish a position in the top half of the table.

The front door was open, revealing a stone-flagged porch, and an inner door with frosted glass in the top half .

There is, however, one further difference affecting the top half of.the diagram.

Some nests are given waterproof roofs by using particularly wide strips of leaves for the top half .

Not since they found the top half of the greengrocer.

The impact almost completely crushed the top half of the car.

upper

At 590p or more, lead sponsor Merrill Lynch will have achieved a price in the upper half of that range.

Across its upper half , two lines Of human figures snake toward an abstract river.

His lower body is lime green with a rich shading of deep red across the upper half .

At the brink of the chasm the upper half of his body rose for an instant with the arms uplifted.

Six to eight diagonal transverse bands lie on the upper half of the body.

A small television screen covered its upper half .

I looked at several texts directed at the upper half of secondary schools and roughly the same categories emerged as for social studies.

Both of these features should be apparent in the upper half of Figure 7.5, which shows a smooth plain.

■ NOUN

brother

Celie is fourteen years old, she has one sister, Nettie and numerous half brothers and sisters.

The president's half brother and one of his sons sued the government for trampling on their civil rights!

centre

Although a recognised left back, Jimmy Phillips had experience at centre half with Rangers.

Noo there wis a centre half .

Curtis Fleming has been tried at centre half in two recent Central League games but lacks experience for a key job.

Crewe centre half , Darren Carr got the header as the Hereford defence stood and watched.

Boss Billy Bonds has been impressed in training by the 23-year-old centre half from Partisan Belgrade.

I would have thought Centre half one of the more easier positions for talent spotting.

century

All rounder Kevin Dixon has made a big impact, hitting two half centuries and also taking wickets.

He had fought a maddening, 24-hour battle against a river that California agriculture had tamed for more than a half century .

Manu Singh scored an undefeated half century in St Edwards' league success against Arnot.

Massachusetts unimaginatively kept its establishment for another half century .

Newtown then raced to 92-3 with Gwilym Lewis reaching an undefeated half century and Brian Jones adding 22.

Light rays, anticipating by a half century the Rayonniststructures of Larionov, were made visible by the photographic telescope.

Port had posted 179-7 thanks to an unbeaten half century by John Roberts.

Commerce and industry are more splintered and diverse than a half century ago.

dozen

The entire park had taken on an eerie red glow from the flashing sirens of the half dozen fire trucks parked alongside.

Sunday night he was wild on at least a half dozen .

Project sources say any one of the half dozen is capable of winning the contract.

Now a mere half dozen kinds are left.

No one has been here in six months, and only a half dozen or so have ever signed it.

Around the vases a half dozen metal stakes had been planted.

Names of a half dozen snitches have been listed as prosecution witnesses to whom Wooten allegedly confessed.

hour

She had been waiting in his office with growing impatience for a full half hour .

The passenger wagons were not going into town for another half hour , so I hired a carriage and went in myself.

The envelope remained in my pocket for another half hour , after which time I casually strolled out to the gents.

A half hour at the latest.

Stuart claimed the extra half hour and we won by an innings in a day.

I kept checking the bathroom mirror every half hour or so, certain my face was swelling on one side.

Already the first stars were out; in a half hour the darkness would be solid.

As expected, Annan got a generous endorsement from President Clinton, with whom he met for about a half hour .

mile

In a short half mile we would leave the Lake shore, and make for home along the gravel of the road.

He directs us to a good campsite a half mile down the beach at the base of a fresh-water estuary.

Arriving late to find all moving stairways were out of order a panicky half mile sprint was needed to catch our plane.

A water pipe jutted from the sandy village main street another half mile to the east.

But a half mile down the road after some other diversion, I lose him.

The nearest distraction is probably the Concord Turnpike, a half mile north of the pond.

million

It cost a half million dollars to film.

This development ought to net me a half million .

At the time, District Attorney Joseph Freitas estimated the employees were stealing at least a half million dollars a year.

These offers guaranteed at least a half million dollars a year plus a cut of trading profits.

They also brought in sound trucks, extra precinct workers, and printed more than a half million pieces of campaign literature.

■ VERB

cut

Galley cut the deficit in half at 7: 13 on their third power play.

Yahoo's stock price has been cut by half since last summer, but it's an overreaction, the company says.

It said said contamination levels must be cut by half within five years.

Traders of interest-rate futures are pricing in a half-point cut in the first half of this year.

Allow to cool until tepid. Cut the mangoes in half and scoop out the flesh with a metal spoon.

Now cut the tomato in half from stem top to bottom.

Industry could cut this amount in half in five years, according to the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

be too clever by half

Phil's good at thinking up excuses for his behaviour - he's too clever by half.

go halves (with sb)

go off half cocked

half asleep

Sorry, what did you say? I was half asleep .

Corporal L, the Royal Signals Operator, is half asleep in his chair.

He never lost his sense of humor, even when he was half asleep .

Inside, the Porter was half asleep behind a newspaper.

It was a hot day, and I think I must have been half asleep when I noticed something very strange.

Most of the time they were half asleep , chatting about the weather.

She stayed on top of him, half asleep still.

Sorcerer felt dazed and half asleep , still dreaming wild dawn dreams.

The old lady nodded, as if half asleep .

half measures

I suppose I was never contented with half measures .

Learn your trade fully, do the job properly - no half measures .

The only alternative to Lloyd George's lies were Asquith's half measures .

There's no half measures to playing this way.

half/full price

We got all the furniture for half price .

At full price the set demands as much.

First, he has devised a way of buying the ground at less than half price .

I can't feel that this music as presented here is an attractive proposition at full price .

If the guest took up the booking, the deposit was part payment of the full price .

Most men's and women's clothing half price .

On Sundays from 3 p. m. to 5 p. m., admission is half price .

They was rubbish, and they was full price .

Visalia bought a swimming pool at half price because its employees were unencumbered by line item budgets.

it's six of one and half a dozen of the other

sb sees the glass as half-empty/half-full

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

After an hour and a half , you too may find yourself chanting, Save us Jackie, save us.

Especially since I said to David about a week and a half ago and then.

It was even Steven in the second half , but towards the end Gloucester roared into life.

Slice loin and place on other half of plate; drizzle with oil and sprinkle with basil.

The home side went ahead through Thierry Henry in the first half and Nwankwo Kanu in the second.

The referee added seven minutes of injury time in a stop-start first half .

III. adverb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

asleep

The old lady nodded, as if half asleep .

He never lost his sense of humor, even when he was half asleep .

Old men with their faces in the page, half asleep , here to escape whatever is out there.

empty

The long room was half dark, and half empty .

Most of the correspondents had gone now; the room was half empty .

full

Allows two bikes at a time in wheelchair areas of all buses, provided the bus is less than half full .

The glass is always half full in our land of optimists.

With her, the glass is always half full .

Kaiser hospitals in Northern California are about half full , and several of them need replacement or modernization.

Our car was half full , and we were assigned to a row by ourselves.

That drawer was only half full .

But I prefer to see the glass as half full , not half empty.

naked

He drifts round the corner, half naked .

Cold and half naked in the darkened bedroom, Cantor felt the day had taken a shape for the worse.

Her eyes widened, glowing at the half naked girl beside her.

right

Sklare was half right in his explanation.

■ VERB

close

He half closed his eyes, deliberately losing focus until the sea was a vast grey void.

There was a bedroom off to the side, its door half closed , also for buyers and their guests.

She half closed her eyes, but she knew that the picture she presented was anything but detached.

One of his eyes was half closed , and he wore a big hat which covered most of his head.

dress

Some in pyjamas, others half dressed suddenly lined up to take their tea and pills.

Children, som-e only toddlers, played half dressed in the sand at their feet.

expect

He half expected to see some naked tourist in the corner, bound and gagged.

Can't say we didn't half expect it, I suppose, by this time.

She half expected to see bloodstains.

He had been half expecting a confession.

And she had half expected that he would follow her and continue the argument.

Rodo glanced confusedly up at the ceiling, half expecting the roof to collapse in on him.

Dorcas was half expecting the car to follow them.

hide

Further along the grassy track, half hidden behind trees, a church roof can be glimpsed.

Her right hand rests on her knee, her left is half hidden in a pocket.

Clifford Bradley had half hidden himself from the rest of the company behind the table holding the model of the new Laboratory.

A man at the train station stood watching, half hidden in the crowd.

He had the skull half hidden in his lap and his little hand stroked the smooth bone, gently and rhythmically.

Her eyes ran down the black jacket to where the man's watch was half hidden by a white cuff.

A small wooden door, set into the stone wall, and half hidden beneath the hanging tendrils of a climbing rose.

turn

I half turned on the stool.

She half turned but thought better of it.

She half turned to look at the figure beside her and this proved a near fatal mistake.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

"That's good," he said dully, putting down his half -eaten sandwich.

Her first album is now half finished and is due out later this year.

I found him sitting on his bed, half -dressed.

The houses were half -submerged by the flood water.

There was a half -smoked cigarette in the ashtray.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

But LeRoy, he got one half again as big.

By this time the poor charioteer was half fainting with terror, and he let the reins fall.

Cold and half naked in the darkened bedroom, Cantor felt the day had taken a shape for the worse.

Her right hand rests on her knee, her left is half hidden in a pocket.

It struck me that there was nothing there half so beautiful as the vision just presented by its derelict predecessor.

Miss Russell had a morbid fear of sunlight fading carpets and furnishings, so the curtains were half drawn as usual.

She half fell, half collapsed against it, unable to stop the tears of fear and anguish pouring down her face.

That's 45 percent more than in 1990, but virtually half as many as visited the Paris show.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.