Meaning of BENCH in English

I. bench 1 S2 W3 /bentʃ/ BrE AmE noun

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: benc ]

1 . OUTDOOR SEAT [countable] a long seat for two or more people, especially outdoors:

We sat on a park bench.

2 . IN A LAW COURT the bench

a) the seat where a judge or ↑ magistrate sits in a court of law:

Would the prisoner please approach the bench?

b) the position of being a judge or ↑ magistrate in a court of law:

He was appointed to the bench last year.

sit/serve on the bench (=work as a judge or ↑ magistrate )

3 . SPORTS the bench the seat where members of a sports team sit when they are not playing in the game:

Batts and Dorigo are on the bench tonight.

Simpson came off the bench to play in midfield.

4 . PARLIAMENT benches [plural] British English the seats in the British parliament where members of a particular party sit:

There was cheering from the Conservative benches.

⇨ ↑ backbench , ↑ backbenches , ↑ front bench

5 . TABLE [countable] a long heavy table used for working on with tools or equipment:

a carpenter’s bench

II. bench 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

American English to not allow a sports player to play in a game, or to remove them from a game:

Anderson has been benched until his injury has healed.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.