Meaning of BENCH in English

n. & v.


1. a long seat of wood or stone for seating several people.

2 a working-table, e.g. for a carpenter, mechanic, or scientist.

3 (prec. by the) a the office of judge or magistrate. b a judge's seat in a lawcourt. c a lawcourt. d judges and magistrates collectively.

4 (often in pl.) Sport an area to the side of a pitch, with seating where coaches and players not taking part can watch the game.

5 Brit. Parl. a seat appropriated as specified (front bench).

6 a level ledge in masonry or an earthwork, on a hill-slope, etc.

1. exhibit (a dog) at a show.

2 Sport US withdraw (a player) from the pitch to the benches.

Phrases and idioms:

bench test esp. Computing n. a test made by benchmarking. run a series of tests on (a computer etc.) before its use. King's (or Queen's) Bench (in the UK) a division of the High Court of Justice. on the bench appointed a judge or magistrate.

Etymology: OE benc f. Gmc

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.