Meaning of BENCH in English

I. ˈbench noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English benc; akin to Old High German bank bench

Date: before 12th century


a. : a long seat for two or more persons

b. : a thwart in a boat


(1) : a seat on which the members of an athletic team await a turn or opportunity to play

(2) : the reserve players on a team ; broadly : a reserve force


a. : the seat where a judge sits in court

b. : the place where justice is administered : court

c. : the office or dignity of a judge

sat on the bench for 20 years

d. : the persons who sit as judges


a. : the office or dignity of an official

b. : a seat for an official

c. : the officials occupying a bench


a. : a long worktable ; also : laboratory

bench chemist

bench test

b. : a table forming part of a machine

5. : terrace , shelf : as

a. : a former wave-cut shore of a sea or lake or floodplain of a river

b. : a shelf or ridge formed in working an open excavation on more than one level

6. : a compartmented platform on which dogs or cats are kept at a show when not being judged

II. verb

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1. : to furnish with benches


a. : to seat on a bench


(1) : to remove from or keep out of a game ; broadly : to remove from use or from a position

(2) : to remove from the starting lineup

3. : to exhibit (dogs or cats) to the public on a bench

4. : to lift (a weight) in a bench press

bench 200 pounds

intransitive verb

: to form a bench by natural processes

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.