Meaning of THIS in English

I. this 1 S1 W1 /ðɪs/ BrE AmE determiner , pronoun ( plural these /ðiːz/)

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: thes , this ]

1 . used to refer to a person, thing, idea etc that has just been mentioned or to something that has just happened:

We must make sure this doesn’t happen again.

Is there any way of solving these problems?

If young Daly continues to improve at this rate, he’ll soon be in the A Team.

This will be discussed in the next chapter.

This boyfriend of yours – how old is he?

2 . used to talk about the present time or a time that is close to the present:

There will be another meeting later this week.

This has been the worst year of my life.

I thought he would have been back before this.

We’ll be seeing Malcolm this Friday (=on Friday of the present week) .

I’m sorry I was late this morning (=today in the morning) .

Everyone seems to be in a hurry these days (=at the present period) .

I want to see you in my office this minute (=immediately) .

3 . used to talk about the present situation:

I hate this cold damp weather.

Things have never been as bad as this before.

• • •


4 . used to talk about a thing or person that is near you, the thing you are holding, or the place where you are:

These are your gloves, aren’t they?

You have to park on this side of the road.

I can’t bear the atmosphere in this house much longer.

5 . used to refer to something that you are going to say or that is just about to happen:

Now, listen to this.

Wait till you hear this joke.

This is going to surprise you.

6 . used in stories, jokes etc when you mention a person or thing for the first time:

I met this really weird guy last night.

Suddenly, there was this tremendous bang.

7 .

a) used to introduce someone to someone else:

Sam, this is my sister, Liz.

b) used to give your name when you are speaking on the telephone:

‘Can I speak to Joan, please?’ ‘This is Joan speaking.’

8 . this, that and the other ( also this and that ) various different things, subjects etc:

‘What have you two been gossiping about all evening?’ ‘Oh this, that, and the other.’

9 . what’s (all) this? used to ask what is happening, what people are saying, what someone’s problem is etc:

What’s this? Crying again?

What’s all this about a ghost?

10 . this is it used to say that something you expected to happen is actually going to happen:

This is it, boys, the moment we’ve been waiting for.

II. this 2 BrE AmE adverb [+ adjective/adverb]

1 . spoken used to say how big, how much etc, when you are showing the size, amount etc with your hands:

The table’s about this high and this wide.

You need to cut about this much off the end of the pipe.

2 . [usually in questions and negatives] spoken as good, bad, much etc as in the present situation:

I hadn’t realised that things had got this bad.

I’ve never had this much money before.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.