Meaning of THIS in English


Function: adjective

Inflected Form: plural these

Date: before 12th century

1 a : being the person, thing, or idea that is present or near in place, time, or thought or that has just been mentioned < this book is mine> <early this morning> b : constituting the immediately following part of the present discourse c : constituting the immediate past or future <friends all these years> d : being one not previously mentioned ― used especially in narrative to give a sense of immediacy or vividness <then this guy runs in> <had this urge to go shopping>

2 : being the nearer at hand or more immediately under observation or discussion < this car or that one>

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.